Solar Process Heat for Production and Advanced Applications

Report
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
IEA SHC Task 49/IV
Solar process heat for production and
advanced applications
20th PIN MEETING
The Beehive, Newcastle University
Christoph Brunner
AEE - Institute for Sustainable Technologies (AEE INTEC)
A-8200 Gleisdorf, Feldgasse 19
AUSTRIA
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Content
1.
2.
3.
4.
Market and potential Solar process heat
Work of the IEA Task
Related projects
Participants
GEA brewery systems
GEA brewery systems
OPTIMIZATION
PROCESS
Sunmark A/S
INTEGRATION
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Motivation
Energy demand in EU 27
Sector heating and cooling: 49%
 Of that Industry: 44%
Industry
>250°C
30%
electricity
20%
Transport
31%
Industry
<250°C
14%
private
houses
43%
service
sector
thermal
13%
49%
Thermal energy demand in EU 27
energy demand EU (EREC, 2006)
(ETP RHC, 2011)
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Motivation
Potential for process heat <250°C
 Austria: 1,5 TWh/a = 3,3 Mio. m²
(Weiss, 2006)
 Germany: 16 TWh/a = 36 Mio. m²
(Lauterbach, 2011)
 EU 25: ca. 70 TWh/a = 155 Mio. m² (Vannoni, 2008)
Based on the actual technology appr. 34% of the thermal energy demand of
industry can be covered by solar thermal
in Europe
Industrial heat demand per
temperature in Germany 2007
(Lauterbach, 2011)
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Motivation
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Solar Process heat collectors
Source: Schüco International KG
Source: Wagner & Co Solartechnik
Source: Industrial Solar
Source: Solera GmbH
Source: Isomorph
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Generic systems
Air collectors
Closed systems with storage
Open systems with storage
Systems without storage
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Market overview
World wide appr. 200 solar process heat systems are
intsalled with a total capacity of 42 MWth (60.000 m²)
(status quo of 2009)
(IEA SHC Task 33/IV und Erhebungen AEE INTEC)
Source: S.O.L.I.D. GmbH,
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
IEA SHC Task 49 / IV – Content
Coordinator: AEE INTEC, Christoph Brunner
Duration: 4 years
Start: February 2012
Subtask B
Process optimization
Process integration
Process intensification
Subtask C
Case studies,
Integration tools
Dissemination
Subtask A
Process heat
collectors
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Subtask A: Process heat collector
Lead country: Switzerland (Dr. Elimar
Frank - SPF)
Objectives:
 Improving solar process heat collectors
and collector loop components
 Providing a basis for the comparison of
collectors with respect to technical and
economical conditions
 Giving comprehensive
recommendations for standardized
testing procedures
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Subtask B: Process integration and Process
Intensification combined with solar process heat
Lead country: Austria (Bettina Muster
– AEE INTEC)
Objectives:
 Improved solar thermal system
integration for production processes
 by advanced heat integration and
storage management,
 advanced methodology for decision
on integration place and integration
types
 Increase of the solar process heat
potential by combining
 process intensification and solar
thermal systems
 fostering new applications for solar
(thermal/UV) technologies
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Subtask B objectives
Advanced heat integration
 Methodology for advanced integration (incl. storage
management)
 Decision on integration place and integration types (at the
process, at the distribution, at the supply)
Packaging of Returnable bottels/KEGs
Bottle/KEG
washer
Hot wort
Whirlpool
Fresh water
filling
Wort cooler
pasteurization
Vapours
Cold wort to cellar
Packaging of Non-Returnable bottels/
cans
Boiling
Filtration
fermentation
Brew water
Tank
Wort separation
filling
pasteurization
maturation
Wort preheating
Spent grain
malt
Energy storage
Mashing
system definition
–
pinch analysis
–
ideal heat management –
solar integration
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Combining process intensification and solar
thermal systems
Analysis of the effect of upcoming technologies on the
potential for solar (heat) in industry
Positive effects (enhancing the potential), negative effects
(decreasing the potential) e.g.:
effect of microwave drying on solar drying processes?
contribution of UV disinfection to industrial processes?
effects of direct steam injection technologies e.g. direct steam
injection in boiling (potential for high temperature collectors)
less heat recovery from boiling for water preparation  increasing
potential for solar hot water preparation
Lower wash water needs due to process intensification 
decreasing potential for solar hot water preparation
. Identification of promising technology changes that will
enhance the potential for solar (heat) in processes and the
respective research needs
e.g. continuous processes in the food industry; low temperature
processes; static mixers for enhanced heat/mass transfer; photo
catalytic processes etc.
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Combining process intensification and solar thermal systems
B4. Workshops on new process technologies (one at beginning, one
when potential new applications are known together with solar
collector developers)
To provide a sound basis to the work foreseen and stimulate the knowhow exchange between experts from conventional process
technologies with solar process technologies, a dedicated workshop
will be done for new process technologies that can potentially be
driven by solar
.
1st Workshop: Overview of new technologies - Which new
technologies are/might be relevant?
Planned: Begin of September 2012 in Graz (in the frame work of
Gleisdorf Solar)
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Subtask C: Design Guidelines, Case Studies and
Dissemination
Lead country: Germany (Dr. Werner
Platzer - Fraunhofer ISE)
Source: Industrial Solar
Objectives:
 a worldwide overview of results and
experiences
 to develop a performance assessment
methodology for a comparison and
analysis of different applications,
collector systems, regional and
climatic conditions
 to support future project stake holders
by providing design guidelines,
simplified fast and easy to handle
calculation tools
Source: DLR
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Task 49 / IV – Selected projects
Solar Brew: Solar
Brewing the Future
EU FP7 (2012 – 2015)
Solar process integration in breweries and malting plant
 Holistic approach: process optimization and solar integration
 Realization of three demonstration plants (∑ > 7.200m² resp. 5
MWth)
 Further development of “Green brewery sector concept”
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Task 49 / IV – SolarBrew
Brewery Goess, AT
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Task 49 / IV – SolarBrew
Brewery Valencia, ES
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Task 49 / IV – SolarBrew
Malting Plant Vialonga, PT
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
SolarFoods
Development of branch concepts
(calculation tool) for energy
efficiency and integration of
solar process heat in the food
and beverage industry
Structure of calculation tool:
Module 1: „energy and mass
balance“
Module 2: „technology and
system optimization“
Module 3: „Integration of
renewable energy“
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
InSun
Berger Fleischwaren GmbH  Sausage Production in Sieghartskirchen, Austria
Flat plate collector system of SOLID
Planned maximum flat plate collector area: 1489 m²
Hot water storage:
80 m³
Expected total annual solar heating gains: 600 MWh/a
Soltiguain Gembettola, Italy  Liner concentrating Fresnel collectors for brick drying
at Laterizi Gambettola SRL
Direct steam production at 180°C (12 bar) in the Fresnel
collector field to supply the steam driven radiant het
•
Fresnel collector model: FTM36 (132 m² /collector)
•
Solar field size:
2 640 m²
•
Peak solar field net capacity:
1’264 kW
Lácteas Cobreros, Castrogonzalo-Zamora, Spain  Parabolic trough collectors of
Solera Sunpower GmbH for milk powder production
Indirect steam generation 200°C outlet temperature.
Number of Parabolic trough collectors:
600
-Total collector area:
2040 m²
-Expected heating energy gains:
1 GWh/a
21
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Task 49 / IV – DLR direct steam generation
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Task 49 / IV – DLR P3
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Participation to IEA Task 49/IV
 Up to now 45 projects identified in total
 Regarding to all Sub-tasks
 More than 50 different research
institutions/companies involved from 15 countries
Source: GEA Brewery Systems
Source: Smirro GmbH
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Next events
Next IEA Task 49/IV meeting (with special WS on PI
and Solar):
6/7th September 2012 Graz, Austria
Gleisdorf Solar:
12-14th September 2012, Gleisdorf, Austria
IEA SHC Conference:
9th-11th July 2012, San Francisco, USA
Solar
PIN, Newcastle 02052012
Thank You for your attention
Christoph Brunner
AEE - Institute for Sustainable Technologies
(AEE INTEC)
A-8200 Gleisdorf, Feldgasse 19
AUSTRIA
GEA brewery systems
GEA brewery systems
OPTIMIZATION
PROCESS
Sunmark A/S
INTEGRATION

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