Efficient Valorization and Use of P and V Resources to

Report
SPIRE
Brokerage event
October 22nd
2013
SUSTAINABLE PROCESS
INDUSTRY
EUROPEAN INDUSTRIAL
COMPETTIVENESS TROUGH
RESOURCE AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY
Project Idea Presentation
Organization
Swerea MEFOS
Swerea MEFOS is an independent research institute, and its business concept is applied research,
technical development and consulting in process metallurgy, heating, metalworking, environmental
engineering and energy efficiency mainly for the ferrous and non-ferrous industry. Research is
carried out in collaborative research projects or in projects on contract basis, financed by individual
companies.
Swerea MEFOS is well known worldwide for its unique large scale pilot plant equipment in
metallurgy and metalworking and its ability to perform very large research projects.
We have approx. 100 employees, 55 of which are research engineers.
Our primary research areas are:
• Project management, operational and applied engineering for major EU and pilot projects.
• Metallurgical process technology, including heating and machining, particularly reduction
metallurgy, alloys, energy and gasification technology.
• Process integration.
• Measurement techniques and process analysis.
• Computer modelling, simulation and calculations, particularly CFD and FEM technology.
• Environmental and residual product technologies.
Swerea MEFOS is a part of the Swerea group, which in turn is part of RISE Research Institutes of
Sweden.
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Project Idea Concept and Background
PVC – Phosphorus and Vanadium Cycle
Efficient Valorization and Use of P and V Resources to secure future demand in EU
• Recovery technologies for metals and minerals
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Phosphorus: essential for plant and animal growth.
There is a high risk of a global shortage of P
Vanadium has a tremendous industrial value in EU
and the V-raw material is totally dependent on
imported V-slag
P and V in the steel and ferroalloy industries
originate mainly from ores
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Project Idea Concept and Background cont.
PVC
 The value of V in LKAB Fe-ore products: >1 billion US$. ¼ of
that will well cover the EU-market
 P is normally an unwished impurity in steel and Mn-alloy
 P and V follow each other and are accumulated in the steel
slag.
 A large amount of apatite (high content of P) generated in the
Swedish iron ore processing
 Future metal ores will have a lower quality, some of them higher
P-content (like Mn-ore)
A more efficient recovery and use of V and P from waste and
by-products would contribute to a more resource efficient
Europe
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Idea Impact
PVC
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Efficient valorization and use of P and V resources in EU to
secure their future demands
Follow P and V over a wide range of their cycle, from mineral
processing to the steelmaking and final uses
By this holistic approach the most efficient way to extract and
utilize both P and V in the system will be developed.
Not only steel slag and apatite, other P- and V-sources like
sludge (high in P) and spent catalyst (high in V) might be
included
Rare earth in apatite will also be recovered
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Idea Impact cont.
PVC
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Create V and P industries worth of billions of €, hence
thousands of new jobs in EU
Create new green technology business
Capable to efficiently use lean raw materials (Fe- and
Mn-ores) and secondary resources
Decreased CO2 emission
Reduced energy consumption and landfill of industry
wastes
Reduced Cd flow into the biosphere (Cd in phosphate
rock)
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Existing Project Consortium
PVC
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LKAB: P-V streams, from ore to the products,
process and system optimization
Swerea MEFOS: Process development for efficient
extraction of P and V; pyrometallurgy, pilot
experiment, coordination
Steelmakers: Slag handling, process and system
optimization, industrial tests – (under discussion)
Ferroalloy producer: Processing of high P Mn-ore for
clean Mn-alloy product and efficient utilization of P
(under discussion)
Non-ferrous metal producer: Using hydrometallurgy
for efficient metal extraction (under discussion)
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Looking for partners…
PVC
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Chemical industry dealing with P and V (users or
producers of P or V-based products): material
characterization, P-V streams, supply of additional P-V
sources
Vanadium producers including new actors: Use of
semi vanadium products from the PVC processes and
optimise of the V-cycle in EU
Forest industry: use of P-products from the PVC
processes and optimise the P-cycle in EU
Rare earths: looking for rare extraction from apatite
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Contact details
PVC
Guozhu Ye Swerea MEFOS
[email protected]
+46 920 20 19 09
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