July What’s Happening? Wednesday Chronic Absence and Critical Early Warning Signs July 4, 2014 Goal of the Call: • Sue Fothergill, Senior Policy Associate at Attendance Works, will provide insight into what it takes to reduce chronic absenteeism • Get a snapshot of what United Ways are doing from a local California perspective with Ed Center, VP of Education, United Way of the Bay Area • Provide concrete tools for your United Way to Leverage 2 Reducing Chronic Absence Why Does it Matter? What Does It Take? Sue Fothergill, Senior Policy Fellow, Attendance Works Spring /Summer 2014 www.attendanceworks.org Why focus on Chronic Absence? Chronic Absence is missing 10% or more of the school year for any reason – this includes excused and unexcused absences. Excused Absences Unexcused absences Suspensions Chronic Absence Chronic absence is different from truancy (unexcused absences only) or average daily attendance (how many students show up to school each day. High Levels of ADA Can Mask Chronic Absence 90% and even 95% ≠ A Chronic Absence For 6 Elementary Schools in Oakland, CA with @ 95% ADA in 2012 30% 30% 25% 26% 25% 20% 15% 10% Chronic Absence for 6 Schools in New York City with 90% ADA in 2011-12 12% 13% 13% 15% 16% 20% 20% 20% A B C 21% 23% 20% 15% 7% 10% 5% 5% 0% 0% A B C D % Chronic Absence E F D E F % Chronic Absence 98% ADA = little chronic absence 95% ADA = don’t know 93% ADA = significant chronic absence 5 Chronic Absence A Hidden National Crisis Nationwide, as many as 7.5 million students miss nearly a month of school every year. That’s 135 million days of lost time in the classroom. In some cities, as many as one in four students are missing that much school. Chronic absenteeism is a red alert that students are headed for academic trouble and eventually for dropping out of high school. Research shows that chronically absent students are less likely to succeed academically, and are more likely to be suspended and eventually dropout. Poor attendance isn’t just a problem in high school. It can start as early as pre-kindergarten. 6 Starting in PreK, More Years of Chronic Absence = Need for Intensive Reading Support By 2nd Grade Some risk At risk * Indicates that scores are significantly different from scores of students who are never chronically absent, at p<.05 level; **p<.01; ***p<.001 7 Multiple Years of Elementary Chronic Absence = Worse Middle School Outcomes Each year of chronic absence in elementary school is associated with a substantially higher probability of chronic absence in 6th grade 18.0x Increase in probability of 6th grade chronic absence Chronic absence in 1st grade is also associated with: 7.8x 5.9x • • Lower 6th grade test scores Higher levels of suspension Years of Chronic Absence in Grades 1-5 Oakland Unified School District SY 2006-2012, Analysis By Attendance Works 8 Attendance Is Even More Important For Graduation for Students In Poverty Presentation to: The Interagency Council for Ending the Achievement Gap November 7, 2013, CT State Dept of Education. 9 What Does It Take To Reduce Chronic Absence? 10 Find Out Why Students Are Chronically Absent Myths Absences are only a problem if they are unexcused Sporadic versus consecutive absences aren’t a problem Barriers Child struggling academically Chronic disease Lack of engaging instruction Lack of access to health or dental care Poor transportation Attendance only matters in the older grades Aversion No safe path to school Poor school climate and ineffective school discipline Parents had negative school experience 11 Site-Level Strategies for Building a Culture of Attendance & Identifying Barriers 12 Ingredients for System-wide Success & Sustainability District Community Conveys why building a habit of attendance is important and what chronic absence is Positive Messaging Schools Actionable Data Is accurate, accessible, and regularly reported Students & Families Ensures monitoring & incentives to address chronic absence Shared Accountability Capacity Building Strategic partnerships between district and community partners address specific attendance barriers and mobilize support for all ingredients Expands ability to interpret data and work together to adopt best practices 13 What can United Ways Do? 14 What can you do to respond to chronic absence? • Engage parents, families, and community partners in this issue • Partner with community stakeholders in calling for chronic absence data • Advocate for resources to address barriers to attendance • Help grantees integrate attendance into their work • Ensure there is an Attendance Campaign in place in your community 15 16 Community Schools Education Initiative United Way of the Bay Area Ed Center, VP of Education KEY PROGRAMMATIC COMPONENTS • Expanded Learning Opportunities • Parent Engagement & Involvement • Adult Education • Medical, Dental, Mental Health and Social Services • Early Childhood • Community and Economic Development DATA IS EVERYTHING! • You cannot run an effective community school without collecting the right data and making data informed decisions. • Who are the most vulnerable children? • Are they taking up the services and supports we offer? • Are these supports making an impact? • http://www.uwba.org/files/galleries/United_Way-Community-SchoolsReport.pdf Sample Elementary School Chronic / Severe Absent Resources www.attendanceworks.org 21 Attendance Works Resources Our website has access to tools for monitoring, understanding and addressing chronic absence, starting in the early grades. You will find tools for implementing strategies at the school, district and state level. • Make Every Day Count – Messaging • Count Us In – Attendance Awareness Month • Calculating Chronic Absence • Bringing Attendance Home – Parent Engagement • Parent Fliers • Strategies and Tips for different groups such as after-school providers and health care workers Link to the web: http://www.attendanceworks.org/tools/ 22 Questions? Sue Fothergill, Senior Policy Associate , Attendance Works, [email protected] Ed Center, Vice President, Education, United Way of the Bay Area, [email protected] If you have questions or feedback about What’s Happening? Wednesday, please contact: Maggie Nicholas, 703-836-7100 x 548, [email protected] Take Action: Attendance Awareness Advocacy Campaign • United Way & National Women’s Leadership Council are hosting a social media advocacy campaign for Attendance Awareness Month • Join us for: • Attendance Awareness Webinar – July 23 at 1pm ET • Social Media Advocacy 101 Webinar – August (Date TBD) • Save the Date: Attendance Awareness Month Social Media Campaign – September 18 For more information, contact [email protected] or [email protected] 24 Thank you! We will be taking a summer vacation in August but we want your feedback! Please stay tuned for a survey so we can tailor upcoming webinars to fit your needs. What’s Happening? Wednesday will return September 3rd!