EEAP presentation Bangkok 2013

Report
The 2014 UNEP Ozone Assessment
Environmental Effects Assessment Panel of the Montreal Protocol
An update
25th Meeting of the Parties to the Protocol
Bangkok, Thailand
EEAP Co-chairs
Nigel Paul (Lancaster University, UK)
Janet Bornman (Curtin University, Australia)
Min Shao (Peking University, China)
October 24, 2013
25th Meeting of the Parties, Bangkok
1
The Parties’ Request (Decision XXIII/13)
Terms of reference for the 2013 EEAP report
a)
Effects of ultraviolet radiation reaching the biosphere and how
those effects relate to physical, biological and environmental
processes.
b) Adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation on human health, including
cancers, eye damage, infectious and other diseases and the
beneficial effects of ultraviolet radiation.
c) Effects on the biodiversity and functioning of ecosystems, including
the delivery of ecosystem services such as food production.
d) Effects of ultraviolet radiation on materials, including materials used
in building construction.
e) Risks to human health and the environment from substances that
affect the ozone layer.
October 24, 2013
25th Meeting of the Parties, Bangkok
2
1
Effects of changes in UV radiation on physical,
biological and environmental processes.
2
Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation
on human health
3
Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation
on crops and terrestrial ecosystems
4
Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation
on aquatic ecosystems
5
Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation
on global chemical cycling
6
Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation
on tropospheric chemistry/ air quality
7
Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation
on materials
October 24, 2013
Policy-Relevant Highlights from the Chapter
Structure of the 2014 Environmental Effects Assessment
25th Meeting of the Parties, Bangkok
Synthesis of the
Chapters’
policy-relevant
information
Completely updated and
revised FAQs
(inc underlying
processes)
3
2014 Contents: The Birds-Eye View
 Key ongoing issues
• Quantitative relationships between change in ozone
change, and change in UV radiation as it affects
humans and ecosystems
• Balance of contrasting effects, within organisms (e.g.
positive and negative effects of UV on human health),
and ecosystems.
 What is new in science
• Improved understanding of the fundamental
mechanisms of responses.
• Interactions with other elements of environmental
change
 Key requests from the Parties to the Protocol
October 24, 2013
25th Meeting of the Parties, Bangkok
4
Chapters, Lead Authors (LA), and authors
Chapter 1: Effects of changes in UV radiation on physical, biological and environmental processes.
Alkiviadis Bais (LA: University of Thessaloniki, Greece), Pieter Aucamp (South Africa)
Mohammad Ilyas (Malaysia), Sasha Madronich (USA),Richard McKenzie (New Zealand)
Chapter 2: Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation on human health
Robyn Lucas (LA: The Australian National University,Australia), Frank R. Gruijl (Netherlands), Anthony
Cullen (Canada),Janice Longstreth (USA), Mary Norval (UK), Yukio Takizawa (Japan), Jan van der Leun
(Netherlands)
Chapter 3: Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation on crops and terrestrial ecosystems.
Carlos Ballaré, ( LA: CONICET and Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina), Martyn Caldwell (USA),
Sharon Robinson (Australia), Janet Bornman (Australia),
Chapter 4: Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation on aquatic ecosystems
Craig Williamson (L A : Miami University, USA), Donat Häder (Germany), Walter Helbling (Argentina),
Robert Worrest (USA)
Chapter 5: Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation on global chemical cycling
David Erickson (LA: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA), Richard Zepp (USA), Amy Austin (Argentina)
Barbara Sulzberger (Switzerland) Nigel Paul (UK)
Chapter 6: Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation on tropospheric chemistry/ air quality
Min Shao (LA: Peking University, China), Stephen Wilson (Australia), Keith Solomon (Canada)
Chapter 7: Effects of ozone depletion/ increased UV radiation on materials
Anthony Andrady (LA: USA), Halim Hamid Redhwi (Saudi Arabia), Ayako Torikai (Japan)
October 24, 2013
25th Meeting of the Parties, Bangkok
5
2012
Timeline
 Scope of report and individual chapters developed (Aug 2012)
2013
 Lead Authors and authors established ( Aug-2012-March 2013)
 Initial drafts of Chapters developed (March 2013- Dec 2013)
 1st drafts of Chapters reviewed remotely (Jan-Feb 2014)
Meeting of
the Parties
 1st panel meeting to finalize second (review) draft for external review
(Feb 2014)
 Full external review of all chapters (Feb- May 2014)
2014
 Revision of all chapters in response to reviewers comments and drafting
of Assessment for Decision-Makers begins (May-Aug 2014)
 Co-ordination with SAP (June 2014: Les Diablerets)
 Final meeting of panel and reviewers to finalize all chapters (August 2014)
October 24, 2013
25th Meeting of the Parties, Bangkok

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