The Unjust demand for telangana & its consequences

Report
VISALANDHRA MAHASABHA
UNJUST DEMAND FOR TELANGANA
ABOUT US
• Visalandhra Mahasabha (VMS) is formed by a dedicated group of
people from all walks of life and all regions of the State.
• We consider it our sacred duty to preserve the unity of our State.
• We seek to celebrate our glorious history, ancient language and rich
culture.
• We draw our inspiration from “Andhra Mahasabha”, the vanguard in
the struggle for the formation of Andhra Pradesh as a linguistic state.
ABOUT US
• The decade-long separatist agitation for Telangana is based on
blatant lies and false propaganda.
• The separate Telangana argument has gone unchallenged,
uncontested and unquestioned all these years.
• Violence, vandalism, abuse and intimidation muzzled the sane voices
of unity from Telangana region.
• This narrative exposes the lies, myths and falsehoods of the
separatists.
Visalandhra Mahasabha
THE SEPARATIST ARGUMENT
THE FALSE ARGUMENT FOR TELANGANA
• “Historically and culturally, the people of
Telangana have little in common with
people of other regions of the State”.
• “Telangana is lagging in irrigation,
education & industrial development visà-vis Coastal Andhra & Rayalaseema”.
• “Leaders of Coastal Andhra &
Rayalaseema have repeatedly flouted
agreements made to protect interests of
Telangana People”.
People were fed these distorted versions.
However, facts paint a radically different picture.
Visalandhra Mahasabha
SOCIO-ECONOMIC REALITY OF
ANDHRA PRADESH SINCE ITS FORMATION
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Category
Coastal
Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
Telangana
(Excl. Hyd &RR)
Govt. Primary Health Centre per 10 lakh people
21
23
20
24
Govt. hospital beds per one lakh people
43
47
53
37
Agricultural output in 000’s tons per one lakh people
42
37
40
NA
Power consumption in million units per one lakh
people
43
119
76
68
Roads (in kms) per one lakh people
79
116
74
89
Per-capita Income (Rupees)
28,133
20,804
26,528
24,168
Source: Statistical Abstract of AP, 2008.
Telangana is at par with other regions across
several socio-economic indicators.
GOVT. PHC’S PER 10 LAKH PEOPLE
26
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
PHCs
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
21
23
20
Telangana
(Excl. Hyd. & RR)
24
GOVT. HOSPITAL BEDS PER 10 LAKH PEOPLE
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Hospital Beds
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
43
47
53
Telangana
(Excl. Hyd. & RR)
37
POWER CONSUMPTION IN MILLION UNITS
PER ONE LAKH PEOPLE
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Power Consumption
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
43
119
76
Telangana
(Excl. Hyd. & RR)
68
AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IN 000’S TONS
PER ONE LAKH PEOPLE
45
40
35
30
25
20
Agricultural Output
Coastal Andhra
42
Rayalaseema
37
Telangana
40
ROADS (IN KMS) PER ONE LAKH PEOPLE
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Roads
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
79
116
74
Telangana
(Excl. Hyd. & RR)
89
PER CAPITA INCOME
₨ 30,000.00
₨ 25,000.00
₨ 20,000.00
₨ 15,000.00
₨ 10,000.00
₨ 5,000.00
₨ 0.00
Percapita Income
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
₨ 28,133.00
₨ 20,804.00
₨ 26,528.00
Telangana
(Excl. Hyd. & RR)
₨ 24,168.00
REGION-WISE FINANCIAL SITUATION REVENUE COLLECTION
Region
1956
% Contribution
2005-06
% Contribution
Coastal Andhra
862
41%
228139
20%
Rayalaseema
217
10%
50387
4%
Telangana
1010
48%
849376
75%
TOTAL
2088
100%
1127903 100%
Telangana (Excl. Hyd. & RR)
752
36%
148075
13%
Revenue Collection in Rupees Lakhs
Source: Statistical Abstract of AP, 1957, 2008. For 2005-06, excise revenue contribution is realized revenue (current+arrears)
Separatists claim that Telangana generates 75% of
land, excise and sales revenue. However, when
Hyderabad & Rangareddy are excluded, this
contribution drops to 13%.
REGION-WISE FINANCIAL SITUATION PER CAPITA GDP
Region
1993-94
2003-04
% Growth
Coastal Andhra
8863
26586
200%
Rayalaseema
8753
20204
131%
Telangana
8498
25584
201%
Telangana (Excl. Hyd. & RR)
7888
22725
188%
Per Capita GDP in Rupees
Source: Analyzed data from State Domestic Product (1993-94 to 2003-04) & District Domestic Product (2002-03) of AP.
Used 91 population for 93-94 per capita GDP calculation & 2001 population for 2003-04 per capital GDP Calculation.
In Per Capita GDP, a good indicator of economic
well-being, Telangana’s growth was the fastest after
the merger, compared to other regions.
GROSS IRRIGATED AREA *
Telangana registered highest percentage growth in
gross irrigated area – 15 Lakh hectares added
compared to Coastal Andhra’s 10 Lakh Hectares.
Region
1956
2006-07
% Growth
Area Growth
Coastal Andhra
1897479
2971669
57%
1074190
Rayalaseema
473623
684333
44%
210710
Telangana
828814
2413568
191%
1584754
* Area in Hectares
* Source: Statistical Abstract of AP – 1957, 2008
CANAL IRRIGATION1
Telangana registered phenomenal
growth in Canal Irrigation.
Region
1956
2006-07
% Growth
Area Growth
Coastal Andhra
1106258
1232965
11%
126707
Rayalaseema
70860
110296
56%
39436
Telangana
114720
279493
144%
164773
* Canal Irrigation in Hectares
* Statistical Abstract of AP – 1957, 2008
PERCENTAGE GROWTH IN IRRIGATED LAND
SINCE FORMATION OF THE STATE
% Growth
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
191
57
Coastal Andhra
44
Rayalaseema
Telangana
PERCENTAGE GROWTH IN CANAL IRRIGATION
SINCE FORMATION OF STATE
% Growth
160
140
120
100
80
144
60
40
20
0
56
11
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
TANK IRRIGATION*
Tank irrigation suffered in all the regions.
However, Rayalaseema was worst hit.
Region
1956
2006-07
% Growth
Area Growth
Coastal Andhra
458430
338404
-26%
-120026
Rayalaseema
162163
34788
-79%
-127375
Telangana
447228
229035
-49%
-218193
* Tank Irrigation in Hectares
* Statistical Abstract of AP – 1957, 2008
TUBE WELL IRRIGATION *
Telangana and Rayalaseema saw phenomenal
growth in tube well irrigation.
Region
1991
2006-07
% Growth
Area Growth
Coastal Andhra
175402
427757
144%
252355
Rayalaseema
45595
337100
639%
291505
Telangana
60892
655222
976%
594330
* Tube Well Irrigation in Hectares
* Statistical Abstract of AP – 1992, 2008. (Tube well irrigation started in 1990’s)
PERCENTAGE GROWTH IN TUBE WELL IRRIGATION
% Growth (1991-2007)
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
976
639
144
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
Irrigation data clearly show that
there is no discrimination against
Telangana
INDUSTRIES – FACTORY EMPLOYMENT &
EMOLUMENTS
Region
2001
Population
Total (Workers
+ Employees)
Employment /
10000 People
Emoluments in
Lakhs
Emoluments in
Rupees
/Persons
Coastal Andhra
31,705,092
527,858
166
175,782
554
Rayalaseema
13,517,644
103,264
76
25,680
190
Telangana
30,987,271
1,086,366
351
256,069
826
Telangana
23,582,454
839,570
356
146,668
622
(Excl. Hyd. & RR)
Source: Statistical Abstract of AP, 2008
FACTORY EMPLOYMENT PER TEN THOUSAND
PEOPLE
400
350
300
250
351
200
356
150
100
166
76
50
0
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
% Growth
Telangana
(Excl. Hyd. & RR)
INDUSTRIES – AP INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
CORPORATION (IDC) UNITS BY REGION
Region
August 2008
% Units by Region
Coastal Andhra
199
25%
Rayalaseema
92
12%
Telangana
505
63%
TOTAL
796
100%
Telangana (Excl. Hyd. & RR)
331
42%
Source: http://www.apidc.org
Number of IDC units in Telangana are higher
than those in the other two regions combined.
SCHOOL EDUCATION1
Region
No. of School Students
Students / 100
People2
% Student
Growth
1956
2006-07
1956
2006-073
Coastal Andhra
1730449
4748695
12
15
25%
Rayalaseema
594842
2488161
10
18
88%
Telangana
657131
6614374
6
20
249%
Telangana (Excl. Hyd. & RR)
474659
4728200
5
20
277%
Compared to 1956, Telangana has added 15 school
students for every 100 people, whereas Coastal Andhra
added a mere three students.
1.
2.
3.
Includes Primary, Middle & High Schools and other Specialty Schools as classified in Statistical Abstract of AP
Used 1956, 2001 Census population totals
http://aponline.gov.in (Director of School Education, RTI Act Publication)
EDUCATION – SCHOOL EDUCATION
No. of Students per 100 People
1956
2006-07
21
20
18
15
12
10
6
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
5
Telangana (Excl. Hyd.
& RR)
EDUCATION – SCHOOL EDUCATION
Percentage Increase in Students (1956 – 2006/07)
Percentage Increase
300
250
200
150
249
277
100
50
0
88
25
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
Telangana
(Excl. Hyd. & RR)
DEGREE EDUCATION 1
Region
No. of
Degree
Students
No. of
Degree
Students
Degree Students
/ 10000 People2
Degree
Students /
10000 People2
1956
2001
1956
2001
% Student
Growth per
10000
people
Coastal Andhra
27742
184587
19
58
203%
Rayalaseema
4450
92923
7
69
838%
Telangana
10294
197818
10
64
567%
Compared to 1956, Telangana has 54 additional
degree college students for every 10,000 people,
whereas Coastal Andhra added just 39.
1.
2.
3.
Degree Education: Arts & Sciences only. Professional Education Nos. not included. Sourced from Statistical Abstract of AP
Used 1956 Census population totals
Degree education data for Telangana excl. Hyd., not available readily.
DEGREE EDUCATION: NUMBER OF STUDENTS
200000
180000
160000
140000
120000
100000
80000
60000
40000
20000
0
197818
184587
92923
27742
10294
4450
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
1956
2001
Telangana
DEGREE EDUCATION: % STUDENT GROWTH PER
10000 PEOPLE
900
838
800
700
567
600
500
400
300
200
203
100
0
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
% Student Growth since State formation
Telangana
REGION-WISE LITERACY GROWTH RATES 1
Region
No. of Literates
Literates / 100 People % Literacy Growth
1951
2001
1951
2001
Coastal Andhra
2022933
17686720
14
56
298
Rayalaseema
732348
7081505
12
52
335
Telangana
972230
15596540
9
50
457
Telangana (Excl. Hyd.
& Rangareddi)
590600
11015579
5
47
750
1.
Sourced from 1951, 2001 Census
Since the last five decades both Telangana and Coastal Andhra
have added 42 additional literates per 100 people.
LITERACY GROWTH RATES
% Growth since State Formation
800
700
600
500
750
400
300
200
298
335
457
100
0
Coastal Andhra
Rayalaseema
Telangana
Telangana
(Excl. Hyd. & RR)
Telangana being backward in
education is a myth.
TENURE OF CHIEF MINISTERS BY REGION
Region
CM Days in Office
Percent Days
Number of CMs
Rayalaseema
7861
43%
06
Coastal Andhra
6622
36%
06
Telangana
3845
21%
05
Total
18328
100%
17
Leaders from Rayalaseema served as Chief Ministers for the
longest duration. Ironically, Rayalaseema continues to be the
most economically backward region of the state.
Visalandhra Mahasabha
SOME NOTABLE EXTRACTS FROM
SRIKRISHNA COMMITTEE REPORT
SRIKRISHNA COMMITTEE – EXTRACTS
• “Deprived region is Rayalaseema, not Telangana”
• “It is not the size of the state that matters, but the quality
of governance”
• “… growing levels of inequity within Telangana… within
the deprived population groups…”
• “… deepening inequity… (will) sustain the separatist
agitation, (and will) carry it further and increase its
intensity”
• “Masses used as tools of agitation by political parties”
SRIKRISHNA COMMITTEE – NOTABLE EXTRACTS
• “Telangana… doing well on various indicators of
reproductive and child health… as compared to…
Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra”
• “… consumption of electricity in Telangana region is
the highest as compared to other regions, indicating
the prosperous status of the region”
• “Creation of new territorial divisions on the basis of
cultural differences is inconceivable”
Visalandhra Mahasabha
THE ABUSE & INTIMIDATION BY SEPARATISTS
KCR WARNS OF CIVIL WAR
"Our goal is separate
Telangana. If we get
Telangana, it is fine.
Otherwise, when
there is no other way
for people, unnatural
incidents would
happen. It may lead
to a civil war”.
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/site/story/KCR+warns+of+'civil+war'+if+statehood+is+denied+to+Telangana/1/95122.html
KTR WARNS OF VIOLENCE
TRS legislator K. Taraka
Rama Rao warned the state
and Union governments to
“remember” Million March
mayhem before denying
permission to the party’s
10th anniversary public
meeting proposed to be held
in Hyderabad.
Source URL: http://www.deccanchronicle.com/channels/cities/regions/karimnagar/ktr-warns-violence-151
GENCO MD ATTACKED BY SEPARATISTS
Senior IAS official
and managing
director of AP
Genco, Mr K.
Vijayanand, was
assaulted by
Telangana leaders
in his office.
http://www.deccanchronicle.com/channels/cities/hyderabad/genco-md-attacked-t-men-063
TELANGANA STATE WILL FOLLOW NAXAL AGENDA: KCR
TRS President K.
Chandrasekhar Rao
today promised to
endorse and
implement the
agenda of Naxalites
after formation of
Telangana state.
http://expressbuzz.com/states/andhrapradesh/telangana-state-will-follow-naxal-agenda-kcr/236681.html
TELANGANA STATE WILL FOLLOW NAXAL AGENDA: KCR
Addressing the gathering after
former Naxalite Sambasivudu
joined the ranks of the TRS at
Telangana Bhavan this
evening, Rao claimed that
there were several members in
the TRS, including TRSLP floor
leader E. Rajender and others,
who came from organisations
like PDSU and Janashakthi
and it had already been proved
that “Telangana and Naxalites
were together”.
http://expressbuzz.com/states/andhrapradesh/telangana-state-will-follow-naxal-agenda-kcr/236681.html
“WHOEVER ENTERS TELANGANA REGION WILL BE AXED” –
VIJAYASHANTHI, TRS MP.
Telangana Rashtra Samiti
MP Vijayashanti was
arrested for her alleged
inflammatory remarks in
Hyderabad on Saturday.
The actress-turnedpolitician told a rally on
Wednesday that “whoever
enters the Telangana
region (for campaigning)
will be axed”.
http://www.telegraphindia.com/1100704/jsp/nation/story_12644160.jsp
“WAR LIKE SITUATION IS INEVITABLE” – JAYASHANKAR
TRS ideologue
Jayashankar said
war-like situation
would be inevitable if
the Srikrishna
Committee fails to
give a report in line
with the aspirations of
Telangana people.
http://www.deccanherald.com/content/66583/trs-talks-civil-war-over.html
TRS ACTIVISTS ATTACK MOVIE SHOOT,
RANSACK EQUIPMENT
"A group of around 20
Telangana activists
forcibly entered the
house where the
shooting of the movie
was going on and
stopped the unit from
going ahead with
shooting," a police
officer told PTI..
http://news.outlookindia.com/item.aspx?671578
WE WILL DRAG SONIA GANDHI TO BAZAAR: KCR
‘‘We will drag even
Sonia Gandhi to the
bazaar’’ if Congress
backtracks on the
formation of Telangana
state – KCR in a Party
meeting in Hyderabad.
http://www.indianexpress.com/oldStory/55196/
TONGUES WILL BE CUT IF ANYBODY DEMANDS UT
STATUS FOR HYDERABAD: KCR
K. Chandrasekhar Rao said that
the Centre should immediately
speed up the process of carving
a separate state. He said that
there was no ambiguity about
the status of Hyderabad. He
said the argument being made
by some people that Hyderabad
should be a union territory or
joint capital for two states had
no validity. If anyone makes
such a demand, TRS will cut
their tongue.
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2009-12-03/india/28074807_1_trs-men-k-chandrasekhar-rao-vandalise
WHOSE “JAGIR” IS TELANGANA?
• We won't allow JP to roam in Hyderabad- KTR (TV9 Dec
10,2010)
• Those who don't resign are traitors. We will not allow them
to move around- OU JAC (DNA Jan 20,2010)
• Telangana protesters attack Chandrababu Naidu's convoy,
TDP workers, journalists injured (TOI Sep13,2010)
• We will not allow the Governor to visit Telangana districts.
People wouldn't keep quiet till he goes back to DelhiE.Dayakar Rao, MLA ( Sify, Feb 17,2011)
• Union cabinet minister Jaipal Reddy's convoy attacked
(India Today, Apr 18,2011)
KCR THREATENS TO “CHASE AWAY ANDHRAITES”
“Telangana
wale jago,
Andhra wale
bhago”
http://www.indianexpress.com/news/kcr-threatens-to-chase-away-andhraites/539515/
Visalandhra Mahasabha
HISTORY OF TELUGU PEOPLE
A LEGACY OF LIVING TOGETHER
Years of
Coexistence
Description
Kakatiya Empire
1162 – 1323
161 Years
Kakatiya Empire founded in today’s
Telangana region stood as a symbol of
Telugu unity.
Vijayanagara
Empire
1336 – 1565
229 years
+
10 years
(Warangal
taken back in
1325)
Telugus were part of Vijayanagara
Empire for 229 years, and the
Northern Telugu region was annexed
by Qutub Shah around 1518.
A LEGACY OF LIVING TOGETHER
Years of
Coexistence
Description
Qutub Shahi
Kingdom
1518 – 1687
116 Years
Telugus re-united as one people under Qutub
Shah after he annexed the Vijayanagara Telugu
territory in 1571.
Hyderabad
State
1720 – 1948
46 years
+
33 years Under
Moghuls
Telugus lived as one people under Nizam till
1766 when Coastal Andhra was taken by the
British, and later, today’s Rayalaseema was
“ceded” to the British in 1800.
Andhra
Pradesh
1956–
present
54 Years
Based on the ardent desire of Telugu people of
all three regions to unite, the state of Andhra
Pradesh came into existence in 1956.
THE STATES’ REORGANIZATION – 1950’S
• After Potti Sriramulu’s indefinite
fast and death, Nehru conceded
to create Andhra State. The first
post-independence linguistic
state in India came into
existence in 1953.
• Telangana people fought against
Razakars and Nizam’s despotic
rule.
• Union Government’s Police
Action brought Hyderabad State
into Indian Union.
THE STATES REORGANIZATION – 1950’S
• Nehru formed the
States Reorganization
Commission (SRC),
which recommended
merging the Telugu
part of Hyderabad
State and the Andhra
State, and suggested
a five-year waiting
period.
THE STATES REORGANIZATION – 1950’S
• After a week-long debate, out of 147
representatives present in the Assembly,
103 favored Vishalandhra, 29 favored a
Telangana state, whereas 15 remained
neutral.
• Among representatives from Telangana, 59
favored Vishalandhra, 25 favored a
Telangana State, and 1 remained neutral.
However, the Assembly adjourned without
taking a vote.
• Given the desire of Telugus of all regions to
unite, Congress Party leaders from Andhra
and Telangana regions reached an
agreement known as the “Gentlemen’s
Agreement”, which paved the way for the
creation of Andhra Pradesh State.
STATES REORGANIZATION – THE REALITY
Contrary to separatist propaganda, Andhra
and Telangana Regions were not forced into
a union. Seventy percent of the people’s
representatives from Telangana and
overwhelming public opinion from the region
favored Visalandhra in 1956
GENTLEMEN'S AGREEMENT – ITS IRRELEVANCE
• Gentlemen’s Agreement was basically a power sharing
agreement among the congress leaders at that time
intended mainly to preserve their respective spheres of
influence.
• Even CMs from Telangana (M. Chenna Reddy, T. Anjaiah)
did not have Deputy CMs from other regions of the State.
• The Six-point formula worked out by Mrs. Indira Gandhi &
the subsequent amendment to Article 371 made the
Gentlemen’s Agreement completely redundant.
GENTLEMEN’S AGREEMENT IN PERSPECTIVE
Gentlemen’s agreement required that if the
CM is from Andhra Region, then the Deputy
CM be from Telangana and vice-versa.
When CM N. Sanjiva Reddy did not appoint a Deputy
CM, Telangana leaders did not protest. K.V. Ranga
Reddy, the most important among them, moreover
described the Deputy CM post as a useless “sixth
finger”. He was given the all-important Home,
Revenue & Prohibition portfolios.
While the Agreement laid down reservations These non-locals were appointed by Telangana
in Government employment for locals, only leaders themselves (in Zilla Parishads) as there were
5000 jobs were given to non-locals.
no teachers and nurses locally available.
Violations to the Gentlemen’s Agreement were insignificant
and in most cases they were made with good intent by
Telangana Leaders.
Visalandhra Mahasabha
WHY AP SHOULD NOT BE DIVIDED
CULTURAL REASONS
•
Telugu people have historically lived together. Their separation was only for brief periods to
be quickly re-united.
•
Even under Qutub Shahi and Nizam Shahi rule they were together until Coastal Andhra and
Rayalaseema fell into the hands of British.
•
From the beginning of 1900s, strong political and cultural movements emerged in the
Coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema as well as Telangana Region for the unity of Telugu People.
•
1950 Visalandhra Mahasabha session held in Warangal called for a united state of
Visalandhra. Telangana stalwarts like Ramananda Thirtha, Kaloji Narayana Rao, Burgula
Ramakrishna Rao and Madapati Hanumantha Rao were in the forefront of this movement.
Given Telugus’ long history of living together, there is
no valid reason for disturbing the unity.
ECONOMIC REASONS
• Hyderabad city’s contribution to the state’s revenue is 37.2% and the
division of the state will result in a bitter fight over these resources.
• In a united State, the coastal Andhra districts’ surplus agriculture
production could be shared among the Telangana and Rayalaseema
regions before it is exported out of the State.
• Along similar lines, coastal districts could benefit from the abundant
coal and mineral-rich mines of Telangana and Rayalaseema, which
can act as a reliable source for basic commodities such as cement,
granite, steel, and thermal electricity.
Separation will destroy the symbiotic economic
relationship among regions.
NATIONAL REASONS
• Division of AP will give rise to several more such demands across the
country.
• Undermines the linguistic basis of organizing the Indian unity, which is the
bedrock of India.
• If not language, what is the basic principle of reorganizing the states – is it
religion, caste, plains vs mountains, population size, geographical area?
• The concerns raised by both the Telangana and Andhra leaders were
addressed in 1972 via a Constitutional Amendment to Article 371. There is
no justifiable reason to go beyond this arrangement.
Nehru resolved to carve non-Hindi speaking states along
linguistic lines. Changing this model without a well thought-out
common national framework will destabilize the nation.
INDIRA GANDHI’S UNCOMPROMISING STAND
At the height of the violent
Jai Telangana and Jai
Andhra movements of
1969-72, Mrs. Gandhi said
she would give up her
prime minstership, but
refused to divide the state.
She believed division of
Andhra Pradesh would set
a wrong precedent for the
rest of the linguistic states
in the country.
L.K. Advani: “Most demands for
a separate state… come from
regions far away from the state
capital, Chhattisgarh and
Uttarakhand, for instance. The
Telangana statehood
demand… comes from regions
close to the state capital… the
approach to deal with… must
be one of evolving a
consensus”
IS INDIA READY TO CONCEDE?
1. Rayalseema
11.Harith Pradesh
2. Vidharbha
12.Maru Pradesh
3. Tulunadu
13.Bodoland
4. Kodagu
14.Gorkha Land
5. Kosal
15.Ladakh
6. Saurashtra
16.Jammu
7. Bagel Khand
8. Bundel Khand
9. Purvanchal
10.Anga Pradesh

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