Norway Why am I talking about Norway? • I’m Becky Gjendem. I am married to Trond Gjendem. He grew up in Norway We lived in Norway for two years We travel to Norway often Cousins More cousins Extended family Jendemfjellet • That means Gjendem Mountain. • Fjell = mountain. • Trond grew up on a dairy farm at the base of the mountain. On top of Jendemfjellet • Trond, Andy, Beth & Katie hiked to the top of Gjendem Mountain in 2012. • Varden = stone marker. That’s the tower behind them. You can find a “varden” on every mountaintop, along with a book to sign your name and the date you made it to the top. • Here we are this year. More pictures from Norway • Strand = beach. • Fjord = inlet of sea. • This is the beach on the fjord near Jendem, where Trond’s parents live. Seilbåt • Seilbåt = sailboat. • This is from Bjørnsund, a group of islands across the fjord from Jendem. Bjørnsund • Bjørn = bear. • Sund = channel or strait. • This is the statue of a polar bear on Bjørnsund. Norge = Norway Norway is part of Scandinavia • Scandinavia is made up of Norway, Sweden and Denmark. Scandinavia is part of Europe Norway’s flag • Norway’s flag is red, white and blue like the United States, but Norway’s is based on the Scandinavian cross, which is used throughout Scandinavia. Norway’s national anthem Ja, vi elsker dette landet Ja, vi elsker dette landet, som det stiger frem, furet, værbitt over vannet, med de tusen hjem, — elsker, elsker det og tenker på vår far og mor og den saganatt som senker drømmer på vår jord. Og den saganatt som senker, senker drømmer på vår jord. Yes, we love this country Yes, we love this country as it rises forth, rugged, weathered, above the sea, with the thousands of homes. Love, love it and think of our father and mother and the saga night that sends dreams to our earth. And the saga night that sends dreams to our earth. Constitutional monarchy • Norway is a constitutional monarchy with King Harald V as its head of state. • Kong = king. Norway’s royal family King and Queen visit Iowa • In October 2011, we got to see Queen Sonja and King Harald in Decorah when they were on their USA visit. Princess Ingrid Alexandra • Second in line to the throne is Princess Ingrid Alexandra, who is 10. Her father is Crown Prince Haakon, and her mother is Crown Princess Mette-Marit. • Prinsesse = princess. Royal palace in Oslo • Slott = castle. Parliamentary democracy • Norway is a parliamentary democracy with Erna Solberg as its prime minister. Parliament building in Oslo • Storting = parliament • This is where Norway’s parliament meets, much like our Congress meets in Washington, D.C. Midnight sun • The midnight sun happens in the summer when the sun never sets behind the horizon. • On the other hand, you almost never see the sun in the winter. Midnight sun • I took this photo when we were in Norway. It was about 11 p.m. Money • Penger = money. • Krone = crown. • Norway’s currency is the krone. The exchange rate changes a lot, but right now 100 NOK (Norwegian kroner) = $16.25 U.S. Norway is not in the European Union so does not use the euro. 50 NOK bill • Norwegian money features Norway’s famous artists and scientists. • Peter Christen Asbjørnsen is on the 50 NOK bill. He was a writer and scholar. 100 NOK bill • Kirsten Flagstad was a famous opera singer. She also has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in California. 200 NOK bill • Kristian Birkeland was a famous scientist who figured out the aurora borealis (also called the Northern Lights). He also had several inventions and was nominated for the Nobel Prize seven times. Nordlys • Nordlys = Northern Lights or aurora borealis. 500 NOK bill • Sigrid Undset was a Norwegian novelist, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928 for Kristin Lavransdatter, a trilogy about life in Scandinavia in the Middle Ages. 1000 NOK bill • Edvard Munch was painter. His most famous painting is called The Scream. • Skrik = scream. Language • Norway has two official written languages: Bokmål and Nynorsk. • Most Norwegians also speak many dialects. • The Norwegian alphabet has three more letters than the English alphabet: Æ (æ), Ø (ø) and Å (å). They are all vowels. • The main foreign language taught in Norwegian elementary school is English. Ææ Øø Åå Bunad • Bunad = folk costume • This is my niece Kamilla and her mother, Rigmor, in their bunader on Kamilla’s confirmation day 2012. Bunad • Here is Kamilla in her bunad when she was younger. Her brother Martin is also wearing a bunad. Let’s learn some Norwegian! Norsk • Hallo! • Flink • En, to, tre … • Skole English • Hello! • Clever or smart • One, two, three … • School Kaketine • Cake container Ost • Cheese Ostehøvel • Cheese slicer Juletre • Christmas tree Adventskalendar • Advent calendar God Jul! • Merry Christmas! Godt Nytt År! • Happy New Year! Tusen takk! • Thank you! Ha det bra! • Good-bye!