Supporting NAMAs in practice:

Report
Supporting NAMAs in practice
Nordic Partnership Initiative on
Up-scaled Mitigation Action (NPI)
Sara Almqvist, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Jan 16 2014
Outline
• About NPI – a readiness initiative
• Key findings so far
• Challenges and opportunities for
NAMAs in a broader context
Nordic Partnership Initiative on Up-scaled Mitigation Action
We aim at:
•
Building capacity in the host countries to enable
them to structure and implement ”Nationally
Appropriate Mitigation Actions” (NAMAs)
•
Exploring ways to attract national and international
climate finance, i.a. from a new market based
mechanism and/or results based finance.
•
Providing input of lessons learnt to the
international climate negotiations
•
Encourage other Parties to take similar actions
Nordic Council of Ministers:
Direction and support
Funds and mandate
Nordic Environment
Finance Corporation
(NEFCO)
Funds, Guidance
Pilot programme in
waste management sector
Funds and mandate
Nordic working group for global
climate negotiations (NOAK)
National funds, Guidance by NOAK
Guidance by
NOAK, NEFCO
Funds and mandate
Nordic Development Fund (NDF)
and ADB (as partner agency):
Funds, Guidance
Pilot programme in
cement sector
In-kind contribution, Guidance
Partner country (Peru)
Partner country (Vietnam)
The programmes in Peru and Vietnam
• One NAMA within the solid waste sector/cement
sector ready to be financed and implemented
• This requires:
- Access to adequate data
- Identification of mitigation options
- Identification of technical, institutional and other
barriers for mitigation actions and how to
overcome the barriers
- System for Measurement Reporting and
Verification(MRV)
- Capacity building, institutional, technical, financial,
MRV etc.
Activities in Peru – Solid Waste Sector
I: Solid waste inventory
Data gathering of waste and waste streams
Calculation of GHG emissions from waste sector (Tier 3, 2006 IPCC Guidelines)
Establishment of MRV system
Capacity building
II: National solid waste strategy
Identification of possible mitigation options, barriers and how to overcome those barriers
BAU calculation and identification of targets
Formulation of a national solid waste strategy
Capacity building
III: NAMA Development
Design of a NAMA based on and integrated in the national solid waste strategy
MRV
Identification/screening of national and international financing options
Reference levels for crediting and trading, benchmarks for co-benefits
Capacity building
Throughout the project:
Consultation with stakeholders
Coordination with other donors and initiatives
Dissemination of lessons learnt
Time Table
Feb – June 2011:
Feasibility study
Dec 2011:
Launch of pilot project at COP 17
Peru
Sept 2012:
MoU signed
Nov 2012 - May 2013:
Procurement of consultants
June 2013 - June 2015:
Implementation of programme
Vietnam
Nov 2012:
Approval from Vietnam
Jan-Dec 2013:
Procurement of consultants
Jan 2014 – Jan 2016:
Implementation of programme
Key findings in Peru so far
Many on-going activities and investments to take place in a near
future that will create the infrastructure for the next coming 1020 years.
The majority of the projects lack climate mitigation measures.
Currently little or no thinking of regional cooperation.
No specific national framework for MRV
Key findings in Peru so far, continued
Lack of capacity in central governement constrain for
implementation
Very slim group of government officials in Peru
Need for cooperation with and capacity building in other
ministries than the Ministry of Environment
Opportunities and Challenges for NAMAs
A national or regional strategy
based on a sector wide survey
can really make a difference.
Implementation of NAMAs will
require not only international
funds but also human resources
in the developing countries.
Funding of NAMA readiness
activities important for
transitional change – The
Green Climate Fund likely to
play an important role
Capacity building on NAMAs
needed - also in developed
countries
Thanks!
[email protected]

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