DLIS & SAEx, and Digital Cadastre Pilot in Nepal

Report
Ganesh Prasad Bhatta
Chief Survey Officer, Survey Department
Krishna Raj B.C.
Joint Secretary, Ministry of Land Reform and Management
November 18-19, 2010

Country Context

Common Scenario: Cadastre and Registration Perspective

Organisational Arrangement

DLIS

SAEx

Piloting Digital Cadastre

Lessons Learnt

Future Plans

Landlocked Himalayan
Country in South Asia

Area: 147,181 Km2

Population: 23.15 million
[2001 Census]

Population Growth Rate: 2.27

5 Dev. Regions, 14 Zones, 75
Districts, 58 Municipalities/
3913 VDCs

Heavenly Countryside

Multi-lingual, multi-ethnic, and
diverse culture

Country of Mt. Everest

Birth Place of Lord Buddha

Traditional system

Paper Based Documents

Hand Written Titles

Paper Based Archive

Integrated Land Information System Project was established
at DoLRM in 1991/92
◦ ‘Bhu Laxmi’ was developed but could not function in practice

The project was shifted to MoLRM in 1997
◦ District Land Information System (DLIS) was developed

DoLIA was established in 2000 as the successor of the Project
◦ Continued development of DLIS
◦ SAEx was developed
◦

Digital Archive of land records were initiated /are under progress
DoS started piloting Digital Cadastre in 2006

To handle the non-spatial records at LRO

Based on Client Server Architecture

DLIS Application is developed on C++ Environment

Initially MS Access was used for database

MS Access database being migrated to MS-SQL

No linkage with Spatial Database
Setup_FY
Moth
LOCPrcl
LOC
Moth_SID
FY_ID
PO_SID
Prcl_SID
LMO_FY
MothLuj_No
Moth_SID
PO_SID
isCur
VDC_SID
PanaNo
TCN
FY_Cls
Ward_No
Tmp_PanaNo
RecSts
Prcl
PRCL_SID
VDC_SID
MpSht_SID
MpSht_SID2
MpSht_SID3
dtStartDate
Moth_LUJ
PROP_TYP
UpdUsr
dtEndDate
FY_ID
OSHP_Typ
UpdDt
LMOCD
TCN
UpdDtNep
TCN
RecSts
PrclKhaSer
RecSts
UpdUsr
PrclAunit
UpdUser
UpdDt
PrclArea1
UpdDate
UpdDtNep
PrclArea2
UpdDtNep
Moth Record
Information
(DATA)
MpSht_SID4
PrclWardno
PrclNo
PrclArea3
PrclArea4
PrclArsqm
Master
Parcel
Record
PrclLndtp
PrclLndcls
PrclLnduse
Owner
PERS_SID
FY_ID
IsChild
Sam_SID
GFL_Rel
FH_Rel
Age
OwnrCcio
OwnrCCDist
OwnrCCNo
LOCOshp
PO_SID
PERS_SID
OwnrVerified
TCN
RecSts
UpdDt
UpdUsr
UpdDtNep
Tinant
TNT_SID
FY_ID
GFL_Rel
FH_Rel
Age
Tnt_Cat
OwnrCcio
OwnrCCDist
OwnrCCNo
OwnrCCDt
OwnrCCDt
OwnrTypCod
OwnrFname
OwnrFname
OwnrLname
OwnrLname
OwnrDistCod
OwnrDistCod
OwnrVDCcod
OwnrVDCcod
TNTPrcl
OwnrWardNo
OwnrWardNo
PRCL_SID
OwnrLOC
OwnrLOC
TNT_SID
OwnrGRName
OwnrGRName
FY_ID
OwnrFHName
OwnrFHName
TCN
OwnrSex
OwnrDob
OwnrRem
OwnrSex
TCN
OwnrRem
RECSTS
TCN
UpdUsr
RECSTS
UpdDt
UpdUsr
UpdDtNep
Own_Shr
Own_Typ
PrclIssAut
PrclIssDt
Parcel
Detail
Adjfy
Trn_Typ
AdjDocNo
AdjDTyp
AdjDt
PrclRem
TntTyp
Tnt_SID
Owner's
Detail
Guthi_Nm
remark
PrclRFSts
PrclVerified
PrclDigSts
Floor
DoEn
UnReg
Tenant Detail
FY_ID
LMOCD
TCN
RecSts
UpdDt
UpdUsr
UpdDt
UpdDtNep
UpdDtNep
isDetailEntry Added
LIN_ID
isUnderTransaction
isNotInLocPrcl
Data Store
Destination record Setup
Transaction Registration
Source Parcel Selection
Registration Number,
Source Parcel
NO
Destination record Setup
Parcel
Subdivision?
Source Verification
Establish form Source
End Process
Yes
Source Vs Exist record
Destination record Setup
NO
Input New Parcel and
transaction detail
Display Source Error
Message
Source
parcel
Exist?
Yes
Yes
Display Owner
information
Moth Pana No.
Already Exit
Display Source Parcel
and Owner information
NO
NO
End Process
Add New Moth
Pana Number
Yes
Destination Owner Setup
Input Owner ID
End Process
Destination Owner Setup
End Process
Input Owner Detail
NO
Owner Id
Already Exist?
Yes
DLIS Database
End Process
Display Source Parcel
and Owner information





A customised extension of
ArcGIS 8.0 (Initially) and
higher version of ArcGIS

For cadastral database
Editing of the parcels are
supported only for parcel
merge and split.
A topologically cleaned data
is required to be loaded into
the SAEx system.
Adds specialized Tool Bar to
the ArcMap

Able to create Personal
Geodatabase and perform
automatic backup of existing
versions
Able to do editing or subdivision of the parcels
(polygon) with given criteria
like direction/area/length

Digitalization of Register (Moth & Rokka) in DLIS: 66 Districts
◦ In 18 districts, the new titles are issued from computer

Digitalization of Cadastral Maps in SAEx: 8Districts

Scanning of Cadastral Maps: 71 Districts



In 2006, Banepa Municipality of Kavre
District was chosen for piloting
Total Stations are used for data capture
ArcGIS 9x, customized as per local need,
is the software used

Cadastral survey of Banepa Municipality completed

Titles yet to be issued

Quality improved



It is essential to replace the traditional
technology
There is lack of adequate capacity in terms of
human resources and other resources
Huge amount of budget is being spent on
developing / procuring software



Extension of Digital Pilot to one more municipality (Dhulikhel,
Kavre)
Application of Orthophoto Maps for cadastral surveying in
two districts (Achham and Arghakhanchi)
Implementation of LRMIS (under ICT project) Project
◦ To be supported by Asian Development Bank (ADB)
◦ Non-spatial data (at LROs) only
◦ To be piloted in 14 LRO offices with approx. 3.7 million parcels



Continued Efforts in Developing Open Source Software by
DoLIA
Piloting OSCAR (therefore, we are here)
Ultimately, providing services in digital environment
throughout the country

Capacity building

Data Quality

Power Backup

Data Security

Sustainability
◦ Infrastructure Development
◦ Continued supplied of essential infrastructure

Different location of LRO and SO office buildings
Thank you !!!
Welcome to Nepal

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