IGAD Regional Platform for Ending Drought Emergencies

Report
IGAD REGIONAL PLATFORM FOR
ENDING DROUGHT EMERGENCIES
By Yufnalis Okubo
IGAD Legal Counsel
Office of the Executive Secretary
INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE IN THE HORN
OF AFRICA
Mombasa, Kenya
19, APRIL 2012
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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The Intergovernmental Authority on Development
Member Countries
Djibouti
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Kenya
Somalia
Sudan
South Sudan
Uganda
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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Background
•
•
IGADD established in 1986 in response to droughts, food
insecurity and environmental degradation with a mandate
to mitigate drought effects and combat desertification
IGAD created in 1986-primarily to address issues of
desertification and to mitigate the impact of drought on food
security and rural livelihood..
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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Food Security Situation in the IGAD Region
• IGAD revitalized in 1996 and given new mandate
• IGAD mission is to assist Member States achieve regional
integration through closer cooperation in the areas of: Agriculture and Environment


Economic Cooperation and Social Development
Peace and Security
• Over 78% of the population is dependent on agriculture
• Agriculture is small-scale and dependent on rainfall
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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IGAD Agro-ecological Zones
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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IGAD recent food availability trend
Million metric tons of cereals
Food balance items
2006
2008
2011
Domestic supply
20.7
29.3
34.4
Requirements
25.7
33.1
39.5
Surplus/deficit
-5.0
-3.8
-5.1
1.7
1.1
1.6
Food aid imports
Source:- Compiled from FAO/GIEWS
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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PRINCIPLES OF IGAD STRATEGY
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Subsidiarity
Role of IGAD
 Facilitate dialogue among policy and decision makers
 Formulate/initiate/implement regional actions
 Lobbying/advocacy/resource mobilisation
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Targeting the most vulnerable
Protecting the environment
Partnering with non-state actors
Ensuring gender equity and equality
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TYPES OF IGAD INTERVENTIONS / OUTPUTS
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Policy development/harmonisation
Information generation/sharing
Capacity building
Science and technology
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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On-going programmes/projects
1. Pro-poor livestock policy initiative (LPI-EU/FAO)
2. Livestock marketing capacity building (FAO)
3. Certification of Somali livestock (SOLICEP/AU-IBAR/FAO)
4. Climate prediction (ICPAC/USAID/WMO)
5. Hydrological cycles observation system (HYCOS/EU)
6. Inland water resources management (EU)
7. Water resources assessment & mapping (ADB/OSS)
8. Water harvesting pilot phase (ADB)
9. Social protection for food security (REFORM/EU)
10. Disaster preparedness facility (EU)
11. Cross-border food trade (REFORM/COMESA)
12. Sanitary & Phyto-sanitary capacity building (PANSPSO-AU/IBAR)
13. Infrastructure - roads, railways, energy (EU)
14. HIV/AIDS, malaria and TB cross-border control (IRAPP/WB)
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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Proposed programmes/projects
1. Regional capacity for agric. pest and disease control
2. Collaborative agricultural research
3. Agricultural inputs programme (seeds, fertilisers)
4. Early warning system for food security
5. Developing market access information systems
6. Drought emergency preparedness
7. Veterinary governance (AU-IBAR)
8. Adoption of Sheikh Technical Veterinary School (EU)
9. Establishment of IGAD livestock centre (EU)
10.Aquaculture development
11.Illegal unreported unregulated (IUU) fishing control
12.Promoting intra-regional fish trade
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Early Warning
•
In October 2010, the IGAD Centre for Climate
Prediction and Applications (ICPAC) sounded
an alarm –
•
“The short and long rains were going to be
below normal in most areas of the IGAD region there was going to be a drought
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IGAD
•
There were renewed calls by IGAD and its
member states
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The IGAD Summit & EAC decision of September
2011 gave IGAD the directive to spearhead the
initiative to enhance drought disaster resilience
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IGAD
•
•
Objective of this initiative:-to develop a new
framework to manage disasters in the region in
the form of Horn of Africa Regional Disaster
Resilience and Sustainability Strategy, calling for
stakeholders to Act Now-Act Together, and Act
Differently to meet the substantial and growing
risk reduction needs of vulnerable communities.
This Mandate: was subsequently confirmed by
the Summit meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in
January 2012
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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IGAD –AfDB meeting of September and
November 2011 - 1
The study identified six key elements that
greatly influence livestock production, health
and marketing and thus pastoral livelihoods.
The factors identified include:• Inadequate precipitation and thus availability
and access to water
• Land use patterns and land tenure
• Natural resources management including
range management and exploitation of
natural resources therein
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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The IGAD –AfDB meeting of September
and November 2011 - 2
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Access to affordable financial resources and
availability of essential infrastructure and
utilities
Localized and regional conflicts including
conflicts over shared resources
Development of supportive institutional,
policy and legal frameworks
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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November 2011 IGAD-AfDB and Jan 2012
IGAD meetings
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•
These meetings discussed the ways and
means of enhancing drought resilience in
vulnerable areas of the IGAD region and
especially the ASALs
It was agreed that the IGAD Secretariat
establishes a regional platform - hereafter
referred to as “IGAD Regional Drought
Disaster Platform”
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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The Emergence of the Regional Platform
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IGAD – AfDB meeting of Nov 2011 tasked
IGAD to establish a “regional platform”
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In Jan 2012 IGAD presented an outline of a
“regional platform with four level in its
management structure”
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The participants reduced the levels to three
to reduce the distance between the decision
and the action and to reduce operation costs
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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IGAD REGIONAL PLATFORM
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Organizational structure
General Assembly
MS, IGAD, AUC,
EAC/ COMESA,
Devt. Partners,
NGOs, Private
Sector, Pastoralist &
Famers
organisation,
Steering
committee –
30 members
Platform
Management
Unit
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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IGAD REGIONAL PLATFORM
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O
Linkages with member state
structures and organs
Line ministries,
Authorities and
quasi govt.
organizations
MS
coordinating
organ eg. RED
FS, Ethiopia or
ASCU, Kenya
MS
Management
Unit
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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IGAD REGIONAL PLATFORM
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Implementation arrangement
i. Member States
ii. IGAD satellite organs
a. IGAD Centre for Pastoral Areas and livestock
Development (ICPALD)
b. Conflict Early Warning Mechanism (CEWARN)
c. IGAD Centre for Climate Prediction and
Applications (ICPAC)
iii. The private sector and civil society organizations
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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IGAD REGIONAL PLATFORM
IGAD Regional Drought Disaster Resilience
O
and Sustainability Platform
Purpose: Mobilize resources, coordinate and
monitor interventions and knowledge
management
Steps to operationalize the
regional platform
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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IGAD RP.Rational,Objectives and strategy
Rationale:
•Frequent droughts and famine crisis in ASAL
•Efforts were focused on disaster preparedness and
emergencies measures
• Need to prevent disasters and end drought emergencies
•Objectives: Strengthen drought resilience strategies and
investments at the member states’ and regional level
•Strategy: To establish an inclusive regional mechanism
mobilize resources for priority national and regional
interventions aimed at enhancing drought resilience and
facilitate knowledge management including sharing lessons
learnt and best practices.
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Purpose: Mobilize resources, coordinate and monitor
interventions and knowledge management
•
Create an inclusive regional mechanism which
will be able to …..
•.... formulate common goals and strategies;
• …inclusively arrive at priority regional
interventions /programmes with MS impact;
• ... mobilize financial and human resources;
•...coordinate and monitor interventions at regional
level;
•…share experiences, good practices and
knowledge to improve performance.
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Operationalizing the Platform
• Nomination of an interim Steering
Committee – Jan 2012
•
IGAD Secretariat to call a meeting of the
interim Platform Steering Committee to
discuss on the operationalization of the IGAD
Regional Platform and plan for the
constitution and inauguration of the Platform
General Assembly
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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IGAD RP
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Steps to operationalize the
regional platform
Step two
“Constituting” a meeting of the
General Assembly
Step one
Interim platform
steering
committee
Outcomes:
a) Confirm platform organs
b) Review the five years Platform
strategic plan
c) 2012-2013 Work plan
d) Provide guidance for the
mechanisms and strategic tasks
Task: Preparations and provisions for the first
constituting General Assembly of the Platform
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I
•
Steps to operationalize the
regional platform
I
Step three:
Start to provide the platform’s services
Regional programming
Regional knowledge management
Regional capacity development
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IGAD RP
...........the platform’s services
• I
Regional programming
Design project(s) / programme(s) based on identified
regional priorities
Through an inclusive consultative process
establish financing mechanisms and finance
mobilization strategies (e.g. 20 Mio. EUROS
with KfW)
Evaluation, Lessons learnt, Adjustments,
Replication, scaling up of good practices
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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I
...........the platform’s services
• O
Regional knowledge management
Communication strategy and facilities
Intranet of the platform (e-platform only for members)
Internet – portal of the platform (incl. Outreach,
newsletter, etc.)
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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I
...........the platform’s services
• O
Regional capacity development
Provide Capacity development on
interdisciplinary drought resilience for different
stakeholder groups
Regional node for capacity development with
IGAD member states’ “centres of excellence”
Pan-African and global partnerships for sciencepolicy interface (triangle cooperation)
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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I
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........the way forward including operationalization
I
of the Regional Platform
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The End
Thank you!
IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti
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