Dr.Tariq Masood-prospects initiative

Report
Livestock & Dairy
Development in
Balochistan prospects
and initiatives
Tariq Masood Choudhry,
Prospects
 Animal Health
 Genetic Improvement
 Veterinary Education
 Food Security
 Poverty Alleviation
Plans /Initiatives
 Prevention and Control of Animal Diseases.
 Eradication of Viral Diseases.
 Awareness about Zoonotic Diseases
 Conservation & Genetic improvement of Pure
Breeds
 Development of Dairy Industry
 Promotion of Poultry farming
 Research & Evaluation in livestock sector
 Women Empowerment through :
 Rural Poultry Production,
 Veterinary Services
 Para Veterinary Courses and Training
History of Livestock Balochistan
 First Veterinary Unit was established by the British
Empire, in 1884 at Tehsil Duki
 Thereafter, Veterinary Units / Dispensaries were
established at Barkhan, Duki and Pishin in 1904, the
name of the Department was Civil Veterinary
Department. Which was administered through Director
residing at Bombay (India) with Deputy Director for
Sindh and Balochistan at Karachi
 Rapid Development was started in 1958, 1st five-year
plan was implemented for establishing poultry, sheep,
goats and cattle farms. Disease diagnostic facility and
animal health coverage was started at mass scale. As
a result number of livestock were increased rapidly.
 During 1982-85, 1000 Friesian Cows were imported from
Denmark for increasing Milk Production in the area
through ADB Loan.
History of Livestock Census
LIVESTOCK HEAD IN BALOCHISTAN SINCE 1955 (M)
33.2
35
27.12
30
23.68
25
20
15
10
9.16
2.61
12.67
5.48
5
0
Year 1955
Year 1972
Year 1976
Year 1986
Year 1996
Year 2006
Year 2013
Land of Balochistan
 Best for goat, sheep and camel rearing
 Rangelands 93% (40% grazing area
53% Barren)
 Fair to Good Grazing area is 28%
 Balochistan, ecologically arid & semi
arid.
 Livestock is financial security.
 Livestock Rearing Systems are
Nomadic, Sedentary & Transhumant.
Animal Production Systems in Balochistan
Sedentary
• Have single base
• No seasonal movement
• Possess land for agriculture and have common
grazing lands around villages
• Mostly practiced in plain areas of the Balochistan
• Have permanent base, however, migrate
during cold weather from hilly areas to
plains
• Possess land for agriculture in their
Transhumant permanent base/area
Nomads
• Have no permanent base
• No possession of agricultural land
• Movement through out year for the search of
grazing from hilly areas to plain and vice
versa
Rangelands of Balochistan
 Total rangelands of Pakistan: 52.2 million hectare
 Rangelands in Balochistan:
27.4 million (50%)
Rangelands of Balochistan
LEGEN D
Non-grazable (<30 Kg/Ha)
Poor (30 to 50 Kg/Ha)
Poor to Fair (60 to 160 Kg/Ha)
Good to Fair (170t o 190 Kg/Ha)
Very Good to Good (200 to 240 Kg/Ha)
}
Excellent to Very Good (250 to 280 Kg/Ha)
Land distribution of Balochistan
Ranges
40%
Agri/Forest
7%
Barren
53%
Rangelands of Balochistan
Rangelands of Balochistan
Balochistan Province
(Mean Annual Rainfall)
Zhob
%
#
Qila A bd ulla h
%
Pis hin
N
Qila S aifu llah
#
#
#
#
Sc ale: - 1:7 ,00 0,0 00
%#
%
Ziara t
#
#
100
0
100
200 Kilom eters
%
#
%
#
#
%
Lora lai
#
Qu ett a
Ko hlu %
#
%#
#
Mas tu ng
%#
#
Nus hk i
(C hag ai)
#
#
%
19 9 3
19 9 4
19 9 5
19 9 6
19 9 7
19 9 8
19 9 9
20 0 0
Sibi
#
%
Ka la t
Kh aran
Prec ipitat io n
%
%
Dha dar
(K ac h hi)
%
Dera Bu gti
D.M . J am ali
%
(Nas iraba d)
#
#
%
Kh uzdar
LEGEN D
#
Dis t ric t H ead qu arters
Dis t ric t B ou nd arie s
Prec ipitat io n
> 50
%
%
Pa njgur
#
#
%
Awa ran
Turba t (K ec h)
#
%
50 - 100
#
#
Utha l
100 - 15 0
150 - 20 0
%
#
#
#
#
#
%
Gw ada r
Source : Meteorological Department
#
200 - 25 0
250 - 30 0
300 - 35 0
Livestock Potential of Balochistan
 Province has
48% of Sheep Population of the Country
22% of Goat population of the Country.
41% of Camel population of the Country
 Balochistan Drought Master (First Ever Beef
Breed of the Country)
 Friesians Cows, acclimatized and reared in cold
areas showing excellent performance for milk
production.
Livestock Census Balochistan
In Millions
Animal
species
Livestock
Census
Pakistan
2006 census
Balochistan
Actual
Percentage of
Livestock
Balochistan
2013 census
Balochistan
(Projected)
Growth %
Sheep
26.49
12.80
48 %
14.50
1.8%
Goat
53.79
11.78
22 %
14.09
2.6%
Cattle
29.56
2.25
8%
3.57
6.8%
Buffalos
27.33
0.320
1%
0.62
9.9%
Camel
0.92
0.380
41 %
0.42
1.5%
138.09
27.54
20.01
33.20
11.27
Total
Present Status of Livestock
Animal species
2013 census
Balochistan
(Projected)
Estimated
Average Rate
Per Head in
Rupees
Economics
(Estimated) in
Billion PKR
Sheep
14.50
7000
99.75
Goat
14.09
7000
96.18
Cattle
3.57
45,000
150.30
Buffaloes
0.62
50000
28.00
Camel
0.42
48,000
20.16
Total
33.20
394.39
Dairy Industry
Total Cattle Population in Province is 2.93
million (8%)
Smallholder dairy production accounts for
over 70 to 80% of the total milk production
An estimated 84% of total milk production
is consumed in raw form, whereas 16% is
processed indigenously
During 1982-85, 1000 Friesian Cows were
imported from Denmark for increasing
Milk Production
Mutton Industry (Sheep and Goat)
Significant portion of sheep population i.e.
12, 804,217 (48 %) of the country
Goats- 11,784,711 (22 %) of the country
Meat is palatable with unique taste having
high value in gulf region
Sheep and Goat are high potential enterprises
for meat export.
Beef Production
Meat from Local Breeds including BhagNari has Good export potential.
The production can be stimulated if
international market is searched.
The Newly evolved Beef Breed (BNM) will
be propagated in low lands.
Beef industry will generate employment &
improve socio-economic conditions.
Camel Production
 Total Camel Population in Province 0.42
million (41% of the Country)
 Good potential for camel rearing on Arid
and Semi Arid Land
 Can survive, produce & reproduce on low
quality forage
 They are source of milk and meat, which
is consumed locally.
 Milk of Camel has high medicinal value
CAMEL
Eco-system of Balochistan support for camel survival and production.
Many breeds, like Kharani, Kohi, Raigi, Lassi, and Jathansal
etc are present in Balochistan.
We have deserts’ camel, plain lands’ camel and mountainous’ camel,
Like Kohe Suleiman for mountainous camel (Kohi)
Pat of Kachhi region for Jathansal
Rakhshan for Kharani camel
Kakar Khurasan for Raigi camel
The pastoral people of the region depend on camel milk in harsh and
hostile environment where other domestic species even hard to
survive.
Camel produces milk in the dry seasons with a very low input system.
The region masses one of the highest milk yielding camel breed called
as Kharani which is well known globally. Unfortunately, camel rearing
culture is under threat because of many sad man made situations.
Poultry Industry
Commercial Poultry, Broiler & Layer
farming is progressing.
Rural Poultry is being reared by Rural
women which still needs attention of the
government
This industry is gender based involving
women in rearing poultry birds
Contribution of Livestock Sector in
Provincial Economy
Vegetable, 12%
Fruit crops, 26%
Field Crops, 14%
Fisheries, 1%
Livestock,
47%
Contribution of Livestock Sector
 Contribution of Livestock Sector Balochistan to National GDP
is 11% and in Agriculture GDP is 55%. even Balochistan, is
ecologically arid and semi arid province It’s contribution to
the economy of Balochistan is more than 47%
 Livestock Sector Contributes /provides Milk, mutton, beef,
chicken, eggs, cream, butter, cheese, yogurt, Desi ghee, raw
material for the production of many vital medicine, like
gelatin, guts and blood, also provide raw material to leather
industry, wool industry, manure not only for agriculture
purposes but also for biogas (Energy) production.
 It contribute in earning livelihood for million of the people
from private business of poultry, dairy and sheep/goat
raising.
 Animal is a mobile bank for the Livestock Farmers. Livestock
is considered to be a financial security in case of crop failure
Land of opportunities
Natural resources
Oil, Gas, Minerals
Livestock
Orchids and Agriculture
Departmental Set up
 Directorate General
 Directorate of Research and Supplies
 Directorate of Farms & Feed Resources
 Directorate of Animal Health, Production
Extension
 Divisional Directors (6)
Directorate of Research
Livestock Research has multifold task, including conservation of
breeds, animal genetics, breeding and biological research etc.
 Beef Production Research Centre Sibi.
 Multipurpose Sheep Research Station Yet-abad,
(Balochi, Bevregh, Rukhshni and Harnai).
 Karakul Sheep Breeding Farm Maslakh.
 Cross Bred, Farm, Turbat (Sahiwal x Friesian)
 Cross Bred, Farm, Kharan (Sahiwal x Friesian)
 Cross Bred, Farm, Dera Bugti (Sahiwal x Friesian)
 Poultry Farms at Dera Bugti, Ziarat, Kalat , Turbat
and Kharan
 Rural Poultry Development
 Wool Research Centre Mastung
Achievement of Research Wing
Development of New Breeds
1.
Balochistan Nari Master
2.
Chiltan & Zarghoon Sheep
Balochistan Nari Master
First ever Beef-Breed in Pakistan developed at
Beef Research Center Sibi, after 20 years of
research through a Cross of Australian Drought
Master Cattle and Baghnari Cattle. The F-3
Generation of this breed has been developed.
Balochistan Nari Master (BNM)
Bhag Nari
Drought Master
Nari Master
Chiltan & Zarghoon Sheep
At Karakul Sheep Research Station Maslekh a cross breed
of sheep i.e. Chilton & Zarghoon developed by crossing
of Balochi x Karakul & Rakshani x Karakul sheep
Balochi
Directorate of Farms & Feed
Resources
 Government Poultry Farms
12
 Government Dairy Farms
10
 Government Cattle Farms
02
 Feed Analysis Lab
01
 Small Scale Feed Mill
01
Directorate of Animal
Health & Production Extension
 Veterinary Services throughout the province
including Treatment, Vaccination and Ecto Endo Parasite control
 Animal Breeding Program through Artificial
Insemination
 Production of quality Semen
 To Combat with zoonotic diseases like Congo
Fever, Avian Influenza
Tuberculoses ,
Rabies, and Brucellosis
Directorate of Animal Health &
Production Extension
 Semen Production unit at Quetta
 Animal Science Institute, Quetta
 Disease Investigation Laboratory
 Civil Veterinary Hospitals (110 Nos.)
 Civil Veterinary Dispensaries (841 Nos.)
 Artificial Insemination Centers (64 Nos.)
Veterinary Services provided 2013-14
 Animal treated
= (5.153) Million
 Vaccinated
= (6.388) Million
 A.I Services Provided = (12875)
(Artificial Insemination)
 Trainings provided
= (1552)
Development Schemes (PSDP-Ongoing)
Rs. In Million
S.#
Name of the Scheme
1)
Provision of Modern
Health Equipment at
Six veterinary
hospitals
2)
Construction of
Research Centre for
Dairy Development at
Lasbela.
3)
Completion of in
Complete Scheme
(Construction of
Veterinary Hospitals)
App.
Cost
65.290
61.437
500.00
All.
2014-15
5.00
5.00
90.00
Rel.
2014-15
Progress
0.00
Rs. 28.290 million
was expended
(Revised PC-1 has
been submitted for
approval)
0.00
Rs. 13.731 million
was expended over
construction,
0.00
Rs. 372.217 millions
were released to
C&W department
during 2013-14.
completion report of
completed schemes
are still awaited
Parallel Line Projects
(Funded and Executed by World Bank and FAO)
Progressive Control of Foot and Mouth
Disease throughout Pakistan (FAO)
[Vaccination against FMD, Trainings and Sampling
and Serotyping are in progress]
Control of PPR (Peste des Petits) disease in Sheep and
Goat (FAO)
[Training, Vaccination, and Sero-Surveillance]
New Proposed Schemes for PSDP 2015-16
Rs. In Million
S.#
Name of the Scheme
Est. Cost
1
Establishment of Livestock Market at Zhob, Khuzdar, Turbat,
Sibi, Jaffarabad and Killa-Abdullah
2
Milking Machine for all Dairy Farms in the province
3
Mobile Animal Health Services in Balochistan
175.00
4
Poverty Alleviation Program through Sustainable Rural Poultry
Support in Balochistan
260.00
5
Establishment of Livestock Training Institute at Divisional
Level.
837.00
6
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) Control Program
195.00
7
Establishment Semen Production at Sibi
262.68
45.00
17.50
ISSUES
Low Priority in Provincial PSDP
Lack of Facilities to combat emergency
disasters like Drought, Floods, Zoonotic
Diseases etc.
Service Structure (Slow Promotion to Higher
Scale)
Smuggling of live animals
Illegal Occupation of land at different places by
mafia
CONSTRAINTS
 MOBILITY, Mostly old Vehicles, minimal funding for repair.
 VACCINE PRODUCTION LABORATORY Was given to
Balochistan University become CASVAB. Department has no
facility to produce vaccines.
 BUDGETARY CONSTRAINTS IN
 Medicine/Vaccine Rs. 24.00 million for 33.00 million animals
(0.73 paisa per animal per annum)
 Feed and Fodder
 Purchase of Equipment
 Repair of Old Buildings
Handing over of VRI (CASVAB) Back
to Department
 Handing over of VRI (CASVAB) Back to Department
 In 2005 VRI was handed over to University of
Balochistan on certain terms and conditions
 The CASVAB failed to meet even single objective as per
commitment
 The department processed the case with Governor
Secretariat and he has very kindly approved the
proposal by cancelling the agreement.
 The department is processing case for the retrieval of
VRI.
Future Plans
 Establishment of Livestock Research Institute
 Establishment of Modern Slaughter House
with Meat Processing Unit at Quetta
 Export of Processed Organic Meat of Sheep,
Cattle and Camel to the Gulf and other
countries
 Dissemination and Propagation of
Balochistan Nari Master (Beef Breed)
 Province has major share in camels in the country.
Therefore it is proposed to establish “Camel
Research Institute” / “Camel Farm”.
Cont’
Formation of Livestock Policy and
legislation
Implementation of Four tier Service
Structure.
Improvement in funding for problem
oriented field research.
Genetic improvement in indigenous
breeds through selective breeding.
Conclusion
Improved Livestock Sector
could bring change in the
lives of 70% people in
Balochistan

similar documents