Jason-Meyer-12-8-10-REAP-Forum-Presentation

Report
Emerging Energy Technology
New Options for Alaska in the
Global Energy Economy
What is “emerging energy
technology”?
Energy Technology (SB220)
… technology that promotes, enhances, or expands
the diversity of available energy supply sources
or means of transmission, increases energy
efficiency, or reduces negative energy-related
environmental effects: “energy technology"
includes technology related to renewable sources
of energy, conservation of energy, enabling
technologies, efficient and effective use of
hydrocarbons, and integrated energy systems …
Stages of
Technology
Development
R&D
D&D
Commercial
Emerging
Energy
Technology
R&D
D&D
Commercial
Importance of Energy Innovation*
• Reduce the costs of energy
end-use forms to
consumers
• Further reduce costs of
energy services by
increasing end-use
efficiency
• Reduce dependence on oil
in the USA and elsewhere
• Increase the reliability &
resilience of energy systems
against disruptions
• Increase the productivity of
manufacturing
• Reduce the emissions of
hazardous air pollutants
• Enhance the prospects for
environmentally
sustainable & politically
stabilizing economic
development
• Minimize the
environmental impacts of
energy-resource
exploration, extraction, and
transport
“Innovation is the mechanism to get
from energy status quo to desired
energy future”
Energy Use, GDP, and E/GDP for the U.S. Economy, 1949-2004
USDOE, EERE
Energy Consumption per Read Dollar of GDP, 1949-2008
USDOE, EERE
Learning curve for power generation technologies
(IPTS Energy, Transport and Climate Change Group)
Barriers to Technology Development
• Lack of applied technology research funding
▫ Death Valley
• “Commercialization” hurdle
• New technology hurdle
▫ Regulation
▫ Permitting
• Substantial risk
• Long-term planning
U.S.DOE
DOE Energy
Energy RD&D
US
RD&DSpending
Spending
(KellyFY1978-FY2008
Gallagher, Kennedy
School Request
of Gov’t, 2-13-07)
Admin.
7000.0
6000.0
4000.0
3000.0
2000.0
1000.0
0.0
19
78
19
79
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20
01
20
02
20
03
20
04
20
05
20
07 20
Re 06
20
08 que
Re st
qu
es
t
million 2000$
5000.0
Fission
Efficiency
Fossil (including CCT demo)
Hydrogen (non-fossil)
Fusion
Renewables
Electricty T&D
“The core force of innovation -- vision,
experimentation and wise investments -- has led
to thousands of breakthroughs that benefit us
all…
..We need the same serious commitment in the
energy sector to developing the original American
energy supply: innovation.”
Why is emerging
energy
technology
important to
Alaska?
• Unique challenges
▫ Size
▫ Climate
▫ Population Density
• Substantial diversity
▫ Resources
▫ Geography
• Alaskan energy use
• Alaskan economy
• Energy security
• Limited funding and
investment opportunities
Hatch Energy, http://www.hatch.com.cn
Opportunities
• Vast energy resources of Alaska
▫ Renewable
▫ Non-renewable
• Resources and conditions
• High energy costs
• Support
▫ Public
▫ Political, legislative
• Developing national funding opportunities
• Growing world-wide demand
Case Study: Technology Transfer
• Power Distribution
▫ Decentralized, isolated, or
remote grids.
▫ Comparable scale in supply
and demand.
• Similar Energy Resources
• Implementation Challenges
▫ Logistics
▫ Natural challenges
▫ Transportation
• Alaska’s position is ideal for
technology development and
export
Emerging Technology Funds
• National Emerging Technology
Funds
▫ New York State Energy
Research and Development
Authority
▫ California Energy
Commission’s Public Interest
Energy Research (Pier)
Program
▫ Texas Emerging Technology
Fund
▫ Michigan Emerging
Technology Fund
▫ Massachusetts Emerging
Technology Fund
• International Emerging
Technology Funds
▫ Sustainable Development
Technology Canada’s Tech
Fund
▫ Ontario Emerging
Technologies Fund
▫ World Bank Clean Technology
Fund
• Alaska Emerging Technology
Funds
▫ Denali Commission Emerging
Energy Technology Grant
▫ State of Alaska Emerging
Energy Technology Fund
Emerging Energy
Technology Grant (EETG)
• Denali Commission, June 2009
• $4mill available
• Eligibility
▫
▫
▫
▫
▫
Alternative or renewable energy
Demonstration phase
Viable in 5 years
AK applicant
Potential for both widespread deployment in AK
and reduced energy costs
Lessons Learned
“A critical element of funding emerging energy
technology projects is the inclusion of a robust
data collection and analysis component.”
Lessons Learned
Gov.
Public
Industry
EETG: Results
• 50 applications
▫ Academic entities, local governments, private
investors, tribal groups, nonprofit organizations
• $29.5 million in requests
▫
▫
▫
▫
▫
▫
Batteries and energy storage
Electric vehicles for rural areas
Hydrokinetic projects
Underground coal gasification
Seawater heat pumps
Controls, smart grids, and monitoring
Project #1:
• Recipient:
• Partners:
Seawater Heat Pump
Demonstration Project
Alaska SeaLife Center
Your Clean Energy, City of
Seward, Alaska Energy Authority
Install and monitoring a heat pump system that
will “lift” latent heat from raw seawater at
temperatures ranging from 35ºF to 55ºF, and
transfer this heat energy into building heat at a
temperature of 120ºF.
HOT
GLYCOL
HOT VAPOR
EXPANSION
VALVE
LIQUID
RAW
SEAWATER
120 F
43 F
Heat Pump
Cycle
CONDENSOR
EVAPORATOR
98 F
39 F
WARM
GLYCOL
VERY HOT VAPOR
WARM VAPOR
COMPRESSOR
CHILLED
SEAWATER
Project #2:
• Recipient:
• Partners:
Psychrophiles for
Generating Heating Gas
Cordova Electric Cooperative
Cordova Schools, UAF-INE,
Solar Cities
Research and application project, deploy the use
of psychrophiles (cold loving microbes) to
improve efficiency in biogas digestors for
generating cooking and heating gas for Alaskan
households.
Summary
• Cold Climates
▫ Cordova (-5°C to 20°C) vs. 15°C to 80°C
• Two Phase Project
▫ Compare efficiencies of mesophiles and
psychrophiles on common Alaska feedstock at
various temperatures.
▫ Deploy digester(s) in practical household scale
project(s)
• Partnerships
▫ CEC, TH Culhane (Solar Cities), Dr. Katey Walter
Anthony (UAF-INE), Cordova Schools (Adam
Low)
Project #3:
• Recipient:
• Partners:
Feasibility of Solar Hot
Water Systems
Kotzebue Electric Association
Kotzebue Community Energy
Task Force, ABS Alaska, Susitna
Energy, NANA
Assessing the feasibility of solar thermal hot water
heating systems integrated into elder housing in
the NANA region.
Project #4:
• Recipient:
Commercial Scale Wood
Pellet Fired Boiler
Sealaska Corporation
Sealaska Corporation will be converting their
corporate headquarters building from a diesel
fired boiler to a wood pellet fired boiler,
demonstrating commercial scale application of the
technology and assessing the market potential of
biomass in South East Alaska.
Project #5:
Organic Rankine Cycle
Heat Recovery System
• Recipient:
• Partners:
Tanana Chiefs Council
UAF, Alaska Energy Authority
Demonstrating the potential improved fuel
efficiency of the diesel power plant in a village in
the TCC region through the use of an Organic
Rankine Cycle (ORC) system for heat recovery
from engine jacket water and exhaust.
Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC)
Cost = $128,000, Fuel efficiency = 14 kW-hr/gal, Operation = 24 hr/day
Project #6:
• Recipient:
• Partners:
Nenana RiveGenTM
Hydrokinetic Turbine
Ocean Renewable Power
Company
UAF – AHERC, NREL
ORPC proposes to build, install and test the
RivGenTM Power System, a hydrokinetic energy
unit, at the Nenana hydrokinetic test bed and
analyze resource and technology results.
Turbine-Generator Unit (TGU)
Project Components:
• Permitting, site evaluation
and analysis
• Foundations and debris study
• Turbine development and
testing
Project #7:
• Recipient:
• Partners:
Wales Diesel-Off High
Penetration Wind System
Kotzebue Electric Association
AVEC, Western Community
Energy
Kotzebue Electric Association will demonstrate
diesel-off configuration for a remote wind-diesel
high penetration hybrid power system through the
retrofit of existing equipment and controls.
Project #8:
• Recipient
High Penetration Hybrid
Power System
UAF – WiDAC
The Wind Diesel Application Center will analyze
state of the art power electronics to assess options
for wind-diesel hybrid power systems to operate
in a diesel-off mode.
Project #9:
• Recipient:
• Partners:
Flow Battery Energy
Storage Systems
Kotzebue Electric Association
NRECA, UAF, Premium Power
Kotzebue Electric Association’s goal for this
project is to analyze and demonstrate flow battery
systems and their potential for energy storage in
rural wind systems.
Project #10: High Voltage Direct
Current Transmission
• Recipient:
• Partners:
Polarconsult Alaska
Princeton Power, Manitoba
HVDC Research Center
Polarconsult Alaska, in partnership with Princeton
Power Systems, is developing High Voltage Direct
Current transmission and converter technology, with
a goal to assess and demonstrate the technical and
financial feasibility of low-cost small-scale HVDC
interties for rural Alaska.
250kW Demonstration System – ‘Demonstrator’
BI-Directional power Flow
250kW Transverse AC-Link Bridge
Input:
12kV
HVDC
HV
Bridge
Stack
LV DC
LV AC
Bridge
Bridge
Stack
Stack
Output:
3-phase
480VAC
The demo system design is scalable to 1MW and 50kV by
stacking multiple modules together.
Project #11: Yukon Hydrokinetic
Project
• Recipient:
• Partners:
Alaska Power and Telephone
New Energy Corp, ABS Alaska
Alaska Power Company’s goal for this project is
the development and assessment of a hydrokinetic
project in the Yukon River, near Eagle, Alaska.
Emerging Energy Technology Fund
• Established by 2010 Energy Omnibus Bill
• Administered by the AEA
▫ In consultation with an Advisory Committee
appointed by the Governor
• Financed by State appropriations, Federal
appropriations, and other contributions
▫ $2.4 million State appropriations
▫ $3.14 million Denali Commission match
EETF Projects
• Test emerging energy technologies or methods
of conserving energy;
• Improve an existing energy technology; or
• Deploy an existing technology that has not
previously been demonstrated in the state.
EETF Eligible Applicants
• Electric utilities;
• Independent power producer;
• Local government, quasi-governmental entity, or
other governmental entity, including a tribal
council or housing authority;
• Business holding an Alaska business license
• Nonprofit organization
EETF Priorities
• Alaska residents, associations, organizations, or
institutions;
• Projects that demonstrate partnership with the
University of Alaska or another Alaska
postsecondary institution;
• Projects supported by matching funds or in-kind
partnerships; and
• Projects with potential for widespread
deployment in the state.
Final Thoughts on EET in AK
• Critical step in overall energy development
• Technology development is based on Alaskan needs
and conditions
• Many crucial energy projects have little opportunity
for funding
• Demonstrates commercial success of new energy
technologies
• Accelerate industry growth, and guide the state in
future energy funding decisions
• Develops opportunities to fully utilize our energy
resources
Questions?
Jason Meyer
Program Manager
Emerging Energy Technology
Program
[email protected]
(907) 306-9900
www.uaf.edu/acep
www.energy-alaska.com
www.flickr.com/acep_uaf
www.legis.state.ak.us
www.denali.gov
www.aidea.org/aea
*”Energy-Technology Innovation” Lecture, John Holdren, April 24, 2007
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's ELSI Project
http://www.lbl.gov/Education/ELSI/research-main.html
US Energy Information Administration
http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/international/energyconsumption.html
USDOE, EERE
http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/states/economic_indicators.cfm/state=AK

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