Interwork Limited presents Practical Training for Carers Mental Health Awareness Group Rules Respect opinions Let people have their say Respect confidentiality, anything personal discussed must stay within the group. Mental Health Awareness AIM To give a basic understanding of Mental Health and Mental Illness. Activity 1 Celebrities Leaders Scientists Authors Artists Jim Carrey Winston Churchill John Nash Graeme Green Vincent Van Gogh Leaders, scientists, authors and artists Frank Bruno Alexander The Great Stephen Hawking Samuel Becket Jackson Pollack Sting Napoleon Bonaparte Isaac Newton Ernest Hemingway Edward Lear Ellen DeGeneres Oliver Cromwell Sir Charles Darwin Victor Hugo Buzz Aldrin Richard Nixon Carl Paul Link Henry James INTRODUCTION TO MENTAL HEALTH Activity 2 MYTH OR FACT Complete the Fact or Myth Quiz What is Mental Health? What keeps us Mentally Healthy? Who is Affected by Mental Health? Mental health affects us all and it is important that we recognise our own vulnerabilities. Definition Mental illness Diagnosable Identifiable group of symptoms/behaviours Significant interference Activity 3 Statistically how many people will have a mental health problem in the course of a year? One in five Australians will suffer a mental health condition in any given year 14.4% of Australians will suffer from an anxiety disorder in any given year 6.2% of Australians will suffer from a mood or affective disorder in any given year Annual cost of mental illness in Australia was estimated to be $20 billion in 2007 (ABS Australian Social Trends, 2008 – Mental Health) What causes Mental Illness? Research Combination of factors Genetics Brain chemistry Environmental factors Physical and mental health linked Substance abuse Causes of Mental Illness Biological Factors: Chemical imbalance in brain, Genetics, Brain injury, Chronic illness, Medication Events in Childhood: Violence and abuse Emotional neglect Death of parent Mental Illness Social factors: Family conflict Poverty Unemployment Poor housing Having a baby Infertility Psychological Factors: Poor Self-esteem Negative thinking ATTITUDES TOWARD MENTAL ILLNESS Activity 4 Stigma and Mental Illness Attitudes It is easy to understand why many people with a history of mental health problems keep quiet about it. Workplace and stigma Attitudes Continued…… In a Survey by The Mental Health Foundation in 2000 42% of people with mental health problems didn’t tell members of their family 22% didn’t tell their partners 74% didn’t mention it on forms 19% didn’t even tell their General Practitioner (GP) SELF AND PERCEIVED STIGMA Involves negative attitudes about yourself and what others think about you Barriers to seeking help Food for Thought! If we don’t change the way we think, someday one of us may be on the receiving end of this stigma. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF COMMON MENTAL ILLNESS Mental illnesses Anxiety Disorders Depression Bipolar Schizophrenia. Anxiety Anxiety - Facts 25% of the population experience anxiety disorders and will require treatment 25% more will experience less severe anxieties 2007 – Anxiety Disorders most common mental health issue for those aged between 16 to 85 (ABS, 2009-2010 Year Book) Is Stress the same as Anxiety? Stress Stress is necessary part of life May manifest in physical, mental and/or emotional responses Perception is usually negative Stress and Anxiety Correlation Inability to fight or flee from perceived danger Inability to return to previous non-aroused physiological state Stored stress hormones Reduced ability to think clearly and concentrate Excessive stress levels lead to Anxiety Common Anxiety Disorders Disorder Males Females Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) 2% 4% Panic Disorder 2% 3% Agoraphobia 2% 4% Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD) 2% 2% Social Phobia 4% 6% Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) 5% 8% Source: ABS, 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing Generalised Anxiety Disorder Approximately 5% Australians will experience Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Most common Disproportionate excessive and uncontrollable worry Brains do not switch off DEPRESSION Depressed Mood or Depression? 4.1% of Australians will experience major depressive disorder in any given year Age of onset generally 25 years Around 160,000 Australian youth live with depression Most common mental illness for young people Not a sad or low mood Comorbid with anxiety and/or substance abuse disorders Causes Family history Stress Stressful event/s Inability to cope Giving birth Lack of support Abuse or bullying Debt Low confidence at school/work Putting yourself down Family Loneliness Poor self esteem Not getting on with friends or family Words to Avoid! “Snap out of it”. “She is putting it on”. “Pull yourself together”. “Cheer up”. “You’re bringing everyone down”. “Don’t be so soft”. BIPOLAR DISORDER Bipolar Disorder Once called Manic Depression 2% Australians will experience Bipolar Disorder Typified by extreme mood swings At least one episode of mania Episodes of depression which may become Major Major episodes leave person feeling great despair, in some cases suicidal Periods of ‘normal’ mood between episodes Two polarities/poles Bipolar I or II Mania Elevated mood Inhibitions Energy Racing thoughts Many ideas Little need for sleep Rapid speech Difficulty focussing Frustration and irritability Bipolar I and II Bipolar I One or more manic episodes; often one or more major depressive episodes May last several weeks to several months Alternates with intense manic symptoms ‘Normal’ health in-between Season affects Bipolar II Same symptomology as Bipolar I Manic Episodes not as extreme Causes Multiple factors Hereditary Environmental Job changes Living arrangement Family/relationship problems Abuse Trauma Grief Major life transitions Physical SCHIZOPHRENIA Activity 5 What does the term Schizophrenia mean to you? Schizophrenia Firstly and most importantly Schizophrenia is not a split personality. This idea the behavior and personality of people with Schizophrenia swing dramatically between normal and dangerously disturbed, is not true. An experience Schizophrenia It is a complex mental disorder thought to be caused by an imbalance of chemicals in the brain. May result in distorted thinking and behaviour Hallucinations Delusions Social withdrawal. Schizophrenia How many people are affected? One in a 100 people develops schizophrenia at some time in their life. However with support and treatment many people recover and lead normal everyday lives. POSITIVE MENTAL HEALTH AND SUPPORT 10 TIPS TO POSITIVE MENTAL HEALTH 1. Connect with others 2. Take time to enjoy 3. Participate and share interests 4. Contribute to your community 5. Take care of yourself……… 10 TIPS TO POSITIVE MENTAL HEALTH continued… 6. Challenge yourself 7. Deal with stress 8. Rest and refresh 9. Notice the here and now 10. Ask for help. WHERE TO GET HELP? General Practitioner (GP) - Family Doctor Mental Health Services Mental Health Professionals Telephone Help Lines Websites Activity 6 Group work- case studies Activity 7 What am I going to do now to improve my mental health and the mental health of others? Final Thought! For centuries people with mental health illness were kept away from the rest of society, sometimes locked up, often in poor conditions, with little or no say in running their lives. Today, negative attitudes lock them out of society more subtly but just as effectively. RECAP Evaluate the information you have received in Mental Health Awareness.