DOT presentation 2012 - Maine Maritime Academy

Report
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine Maritime Academy
Maine
Maritime
Academy
- Founded 1944 to provide Merchant Marines for WWII
- 950 Students currently - Increasingly competitive admissions
- Primarily a Transportation School (over 70% go into Transportation
careers)
- Known as a “Hands-on” School with hard working graduates, highly
sought after in industry.
- Alumni Worldwide
Many at high level in Marine Transportation Companies
MMA maintains a strong Alumni network and infrastructure.
(Contact with the industry is at our fingertips.)
-Unique Training Facilities, Waterfront , Machine Shops, Training
Vessels, Simulators, Boat Bays, Engine Labs etc.
This is a BIG industry with a Small number of people. Our
graduates are well connected
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
MMA Facilities
Boat Bay
Diesel EngineLabs
Travellift
Training
Ship TSSOM
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Marine Engine Testing and
Maine
Maritime
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Academy
Maine Maritime Academy
History of Education and Workforce Development
- Transportation Majors:
Marine Engineering (USCG License Officer Track-Unlimited)
Marine Transportation (USCG Track, 100 Ton to Unlimited)
International Business and Logistics (Incl. Graduate level)
- Over 70 % of our graduates go into Transportation Careers
- Over 90% placement of graduates in their field of study
- Career paths: USCG Licensed Engineering Officer
USCG Licensed Mate to Master
Shipyard and Vessel Construction
Logistics Management
- Sample Companies: Shipping (Mearsk, Military Sea Lift)
Shipyards (Bath Iron Works, NASSCO) Government and
Classification (Navy, ABS) Logistics: Target, Walmart
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
MMA Research Efforts: Started in Earnest 2004
Ocean Energy (2006-Present):
Tidal Energy Demonstration and
Evaluation Center (TEDEC)
Wave Energy
METEL(2009- Present)
Diesel/Glycerin
Emulsion Fuel
Thermoelectric
Exhaust Generator
Offshore Wind (DeepCWind
UMaine lead)
UMaine Forest Bioproducts Research Institute
http://www.forestbioproducts.umaine.edu/
FBRI Technology
Research Center
FBRI
Chemistry
Chem. Bio. Eng.
Advanced
Composites
Biology
Forestry
Margaret Chase
Smith Policy Center
FBRI Technology Research
Center (TRC)
 40,000 ft2 of floor-scale










process space
Batch and continuous
chemical reactors
Fermenters
Continuous liquid-liquid
extractors
Fractional distillation
Vacuum evaporators
Pelletizer
Spray dryer
Rotary digester
Analytical Laboratory
Machining and fabrication
shop
UMaine FBRI Thermal
Conversion Team
Forest to Fuel
Biomass
pretreatment
and pyrolysis
Technical
economics
• Highly integrated team
• Balanced between applied
and fundamental
Thermochemical
conversion of
woody biomass
HDO catalytic
upgrading
Product and
Process
Characterization
7
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Background of METEL
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Diesel/Glycerin Emulsion Development
•MTI Seed grant (2010) to MMA for $2500 to develop lab-scale stable diesel glycerin
fuel emulsions.
•NSF SBIR Phase 1 and 1b Grant (2011) for $180000 to SCG/MMA to demonstrate
proof of concept emissions reductions on engine bench using EHF fuel.
•Canada Steam Lines cash contribution (2011) for $37515 to SCG to fund
independent engine testing at Oak Ridge National Laboratory
•MTI seed grant(2012) for $12500 to MMA to develop single cylinder lab test bench.
•MTI Grants to SCG/MMA for $43000 to develop emulsion fuel production
processing and improved engine stand testing. (2013)
•MTI Development Award Loan(2013) for $230,000 to SCG to conduct independent
fuel certification testing at MMA (Ongoing)
Thermoelectric Generator Project (TEG)
- ABS Seed Funding 2010 $35000 to test TEG Devices from Hi-z
- Maine Space Grant Award 2013
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
MARPOL Emissions Regulations and
Industry Impact
Emission Control Areas -ECAs
MARPOL Nox Limits for ECA Waters
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Mission of DOT UTC METEL
1) Research and development of practical solutions for emissions reductions
and efficiency for marine diesel engines.
2) Advance transportation expertise and technology in the many disciplines
that comprise transportation through research, education and workforce
development, and technology transfer for the maritime and related
transportation industries.
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
DOT UTC Projects
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Project 1: Field Testing of Diesel/Glycerin Emulsion fuels as a low cost, low
emissions, drop-in fuel for marine diesels. This fuel is being developed and
commercialized by the startup SeaChange Group LLC(SCG). Development of
a Bridge Continuous Emissions Monitoring System (CEMS)
Project 2: At Sea testing of a hydrogen injection system on MMA Workboat
for emissions reduction. This system is being developed by Global Marine
Consulting (GMC).
Project 3: Development and engine testing of Forest Biomass fuel derivatives
being developed at UMaine’s Chemical Engineering Department and Forest
Bioproducts Research Institute.
Project 4: Development a thermoelectric exhaust generator (TEG) heat
recovery system for marine diesels engine using current advances in
thermoelectric materials , Collaborating with Startup Thermoelectric Power
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Key Personnel
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Dr. Richard Kimball is METEL’s Technical Director
Dr. Darrell Donahue is METEL’s Administrative Director and MMA Director of Research
Dr. Clayton Wheeler FBRI /UMaine’s P.I. on the TDO project
Dr. William DeSisto FBRI/UMaine co-PI on the FAsP Project
Dr. Paul Wlodkowski Co-P.I. for the TEG project and the STEM coordinator.
Prof. Laurie Flood, Environmental Education Coordinator
Dr. George Harakas Chemistry and Webmaster
Scott Eaton Chief Technology Officer at SeaChange Group. Co-PI :Diesel/Glycerin fuel project
Prof. Mark Libby, Advisor to the diesel engine testing projects
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
METEL Organizational structure (Proposed)
Dana Willis MMA
Waterfront
Dr. Kimball
METEL Technical Director
Industrial
Advisory Board
Prof. Flood
Environmental
Ed. Coord.
Dr. Wlodkowski
STEM Coord./
TEG Project coPI
Travis Wallace
UM Grad
Student/ TPS
Undergrad
Students
Dr. Donahue Research Director
METEL Admin Director
Admin Assistant
R .Kimball MMA
S. Eaton SCG
Co-PI’s Fuel
/Glycerin Project
Dr. Harakas
Chemistry
&
Web
Develop.
2-Research
Engineers
Grad Student UM
Undergrad Students MMA
Dr Wheeler -UM
Dr. DeSisto –UM
Co-PI’s TDO &
FAsP Projects
Researcher(s)
Grad Student
Marine Engine Testing and
Maine
Maritime
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Academy
Management /Selection of Projects
Industry
Shippers
Developers
Military
Internal
METEL
Academic
Collaborators
Professional
Societies/Orgs
TRB,SNAME,ABS
Project
Ideas
METEL Down select Criteria:
Impact on mission
Chance of success
TRL
METEL
Advisory
Board
Final Project Selection
(METEL W/ Advisory
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Performance Metrics/Technology Transfer
1) Commercial success of the project and it’s technologies measured by:
•Technology Readiness Level (TRL) progression (How many levels
has the work advanced the technology)
•Successful assistance and incubation of startups
•Patents and Intellectual property secured as a result of the research
2) Assessment of research impact on industry by outside industry experts
3) Assessment of publications in conferences and peer reviewed journals
4) Assessment of the effects of the efforts on enhancing the training of
students in transportation majors
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Education /STEM/Workforce Development (Year 1)
- Bridge Emissions monitoring integrated with Vessel operations
training
- Engineering Capstone Projects on Diesel/Glycerin and TEG
project (Underway)
- Development of a laboratory component to the Environmental
Compliance course
- SNAME Seminar of METEL activities
- Integration of METEL activities into our current High school
STEM Program
- Showcase of METEL activities at the Maine Engineers Week, A
high school STEM event of high effectiveness in the state.
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Collaboration Efforts
METEL will continue to foster a diverse program of
collaboration as evidenced by it’s ongoing collaborative
partners:
Industry : SCG, GMC, TPS, Caterpillar, Cummins,
Canada Steam Lines, Bath Iron Works, NASSCO, etc.
Government: OakRidge Nat’l, USCG, Navy, MARAD
Academic: UMaine, MIT, Webb Institute, Dartmouth
Societies/Standards Orgs:, ABS, SNAME, ASME
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Project Details
Project 1: Testing of
Diesel/Glycerin Emulsion
fuel and Development of a
Bridge Continuous
Emissions Montioring
System (CEMS)
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Emulsion Fuel
Diesel +
Glycerin+
Additives +
Eco-Hybrid Diesel
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Constraints
Drop-in “Diesel”
Lowers NOx, SOx, PM
Lower overall cost
Cost and Properties Glycerin
Why Glycerin?
-Large Domestic Supply
-Biofuel waste product
(zero net carbon, low cost)
-Fuel oxygen aids combustion
-Emulsification increases fuel
lubricity favorable for engine life
-Is compatible with low carbon steels
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Diesel/Glycerin Blend reduces emissions
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Tests at Oak ridge Nat’l Lab
Tests at MMA
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Significant issues to be addressed during the
Diesel/Glycerin fuel test effort
- Emissions reductions
- Other emissions (Acrolien etc)
- Lubricity effect
- Fuel handling issues,
- Cold and warm weather performance
- Stationary diesel testing
- At Sea testing on MMA work Vessels
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Development of an on-board Bridge Continuous
emissions monitoring system (CEMS) on board MMA
Work Vessel.
- Measures critical emissions (Nox, PM,
CO , HC, Co2 etc)
- Presented to Vessel operator in a
realtime display with range
feedback and operator feedback
- Wireless satellite to monitor data
over the web in real time
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Potential impacts of this effort:
- Research: Validation of this fuel as a practical drop-in, low cost
emission reduction fuel capable of being used aboard commercial
marine vessels
- Technology transfer: Direct publications, industry forums,
networking the results with MMA alumni, Commercial development
(SCG) , Patents
- Workforce development: Exposure of students to new solutions to
emissions reductions on vessels. Training of the workforce in the
use/handling of these fuels. Bridge CEMS training and exposure.
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Year 1 Tasks/Deliverables
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Task 1:(Year 1) Instrument the MMA Work Vessel with Bridge CEMS
web-based data acquisition to monitor engine emissions and performance
Task 2: (Year 1) Develop Pilot Production Diesel/Glycerin fuel Blending
capability (SCG) and provide fuel for engine testing
Task 3: (Year 1) Develop stationary Cummins V8 diesel test platform for
concurrent technology analyses with vessel operations. Run Blended fuel
performance tests and evaluate results prior to Vessel testing
Deliverables Year 1 Interim report on Results of Task 1,2,3 and also periodic
updates to RITA and DOT as required.
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Project 1: Timeline
Phase I/Year 1
Jan
Q1 -2014
Feb
Jan
Q1 -2014
Feb
March
April
Q2 - 2014
May
April
Q2 - 2014
May
June
July
Q3 - 2014
Aug
Sept
Oct
Q4 - 2014
Nov
Dec
Q3 - 2014
Aug
Sept
Oct
Q4 - 2014
Nov
Dec
SCG - Engineering and Materials Processing
Install Capacity Devices
Troubleshoot Fuel Production
Confirm Emulsion Properties
Engineer Engine Monitoring Systems
Fuel Production
Combustion/Emissions Analysis
MMA - Detroit Diesel Test Stand Installation
Stationary Engine Installation
Engine Shakedown and Certification
Combustion and Emissions Screening
Engine Durability Assessments
Lubo Oil Analysis
RBC - Automation and Controls Engineering
Engineering of Engine Controls
Install Monitoring and Control Devices
Validate Engine Control Performance
Phase II/Year 2
SCG - Engineering and Materials Processing
Fuel Production
Combustion/Emissions Analysis
MMA - Waterfront Facility Testing
Engine Instrumentation
Engine Shakedown and Certification
Combustion and Emissions Screening
Engine Durability Assessments
Lubo Oil Analysis
March
June
July
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Project 2: Testing of a Commercial
Hydrogen Injection System
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
The Global Marine Consulting Hydrogen Injection System
Generates Hydrogen which is injected in the air intake of the
Diesel Engine to reduce NOx and PM
Integrate with Continuous Emissions Monitoring system (CEMS)
to controls hydrogen injection rate to minimize emissions
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Project Tasks Year 1
Install and evaluate system on a stationary Cummins
V8 Diesel(Quarter 1 &2)
Install on MMA Work Vessel and evaluate system at
sea (Quarters 3 &4)
Report on system performance and evaluation of
technology.
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Project 3:
Development and Engine Testing of
Forest Biomass Fuel Derivatives
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
30
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Project 3 Objectives
•Produce liter quantities of FAsP oils and test physicochemical
properties
•Evaluate continuous processes for TDO
•Produce gallon quantities of hydrotreated/fractionated/blended
TDO and FAsP oils for engine tests
•Investigate novel approaches for pyrolysis
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
 Diesel fraction of hydrotreated TDO
meets all HDCD-76 certification specs.
 Kerosene fraction JP-8 comparison
 Met flash point, freezing point, acid
number, corrosion, sulfur, viscosity,
smoke point, aromatics, and
naphthalene
 Specifications related to hydrogen
content were close:



Heat of combustion 42.6 MJ/kg (42.8 spec)
Hydrogen content 12.88% (13.4 spec)
Density 0.875 kg/L (max 0.84 spec)
 Sample currently being tested at AFRL
 Will likely meet HDCJ certification specs
that are currently being developed
 FAsP of pine and lignin conducted at
bench scale and hydrotreating to remove
oxygen has been demonstrated
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Project 3: TDO/FAsP Year 1 Tasks
Task 1:(Quarters 1-3) Build and shake down bench-scale,
high-pressure pyrolysis system
Task 2:(Quarter 1) Determine feasibility of floor-scale
semibatch FAsP oil production
Task 3:(Quarter 3, 4) TDO and FAsP chemistry
optimization at the bench scale
Task 4:(Quarters 3, 4) Produce, hydrotreat, fractionate,
and blend gallon quantities of bio-oils for engine testing
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Project 4: Development of
Thermoelectric Exhaust Generator
(TEG) Heat Recovery Systems for
Marine Diesels
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Project Objectives
•Provide data on the systems-wide effects of the use of TEGs on
plant efficiency and performance (in a marine environment).
•Identification of optimal marine platforms to utilize TEG energy
recovery systems
•Identification of optimal thermoelectric materials and TEG designs
for classes of marine platforms
•Provide the U.S. DOT with an objective and systems level
evaluation of TEGs in marine applications
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Accomplishments to date:
Maine
Maritime
Academy
- Vessel tests of original Hi-Z TEG unit on board
the MMA Vessel (2010-11)
Theoretical Outputs of Optimized TEG Prototype
4000
400
TEG Power [W]
-Development of a TEG optimization code for the
design of exhaust TEG’s (TPS)2011-2012
- Development of a modular TEG Cell for code
validation and prototype development
2012-13
-Tests of the modular TEG cell
on board the TEG MMA TEG
test vessel (2013).
3000
350
2000
300
1000
250
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Percent Engine Load
70
80
90
200
100
TEG Voltage [V]
Power
Voltage
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Project 4: TEG Project Year 1 Tasks
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Task 1:(Quarter 1) System level study of Diesel engine
exhaust systems and backpressure for inclusion into the
TEG design model and simulation of the modular TEG
system.
Task 2:(Quarter 1,2) Construction of a simulated exhaust
bench using heated air.
Task 3:(Quarter 2,3) Construction of the modular TEG
system
Task 4:(Quarter 4) Bench level testing of the Modular TEG
system and validation of the design models.
Marine Engine Testing and
Emissions Laboratory (METEL)
Maine
Maritime
Academy
Questions/Comments

similar documents