Chapter 13: Vehicle Malfunctions

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Chapter 13:
Vehicle Malfunctions
Vehicle stuck in snowwhat not to do…
Tire Blow Out
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1. Which way will your car
tend to pull when a tire
blows?
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2. When changing a tire,
which tire should you
block off?
3. What are the devices
called that hold the
wheel to the vehicle?
Flat Tire Video
Brake Failure
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Pump the brake
-------------- to the
lowest gear
Apply ---------------Search for an open
zone
ABS Brakes
•What are they
•How do they work?
Accelerator Pedal Sticks
Before driving, make
sure floor mats are
flat
 First, ---------------------------------------- Find an open zone
and pull off the road
Loss of Forward Vision
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List some ways that you could
lose forward vision while
driving.
-----------------------------------------------------------------What would you do in these
emergencies?
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Look through the crack in the
windshield
Roll down window and stick your
head out of the window.
Headlight failure, try hazards,
parking lights, move off the road
Use wipers
Deep Water Escape
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Open a window and try to
escape
Find the ----------------in
the rear of the vehicle
If totally submersed, take
a deep breath, try to open
the door because the
pressure should be
equalized
Turn ---------------------on so your rescuers can
see your car
Standing Water
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What happens when you drive through
standing water?
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How can you tell the depth of the water?
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How many feet of water does it take for
your car to possibly be swept away?
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How can you dry your brakes?
Engine
Failure
Shift to --------------and try to
restart your
engine
Overheated
Engine
Turn --------- Air and
turn ----------- the heater
Flooded
Engine
Do not ---------------the accelerator
when trying to start
your car if your car
has FUEL
INJECTION
Car Stalls on Railroad Tracks
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If the train IS APPROACHING get
all passengers out of the carwhich way do you run?
Run ---------------the train but
away from the tracks
If there is NO TRAIN
APPROACHING get everyone
out of the car, then try -------------- ------------ and pushing the
vehicle off of the tracks
Skidding/Hydroplaning
How do you regain control when you
begin to skid?
Steer ----------------the path of
travel you want to follow
 Don’t Panic
 Take foot off of accelerator
 Apply the brake-ABS
What does it mean to “Fishtail”?
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When driving on slippery roads, you
should not use what vehicle
device?
-------------------------------
Total Steering
Failure
• Use
-------- and --------------------------•Slow down but do
not brake hard to
cause a skid
Power Steering Failure
 Can you still steer
your car when you
lose power steering?
 Yes you can, but it
will be much more
difficult
Off-road Recovery
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DON’T PANIC!
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----------------------------and slow down
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Regain control by
straddling the edge of
the roadway
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Check blind spot,
signal and return to
road
How to Minimize Collisions
•
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Head On
The worst
collision
with the
most impact
-----------------------------------------!
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Side Impact
Accelerate or
brake to avoid
hitting or
getting hit in
the passenger
area
What part of
the vehicle
should you
aim for?
Rear End
•If you are
stopped- ---------------------- brake just
before the collision
and re-apply
•If you are moving,
flash brake lights
•Move to an open
zone
Roadway Hazards
Potholes
 Avoid if possible
 Drive around or
“straddle” a pothole
 If you must drive
through a pothole- go
very slowly to keep
better control
Objects in the Roadway
 Avoid if possible
 Drive over if it is the
last resort
Wet Leaves
•Go around if
possible
•Can be very
slippery
1. Turn off both cars and
accessories
2. Attach POS clamp to the
(+) battery on the good
car
3. Attach POS clamp to (+) of
the bad battery
4. Attach NEG clamp to (-) of
good battery
5. Attach NEG clamp to
engine block of bad car
(ground)
6. Start GOOD car first, then
start the BAD car
7. Remove cables in opposite
order
Show me how it’s done…
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Engine
Block
+
--Dead
Battery
red clamp (pos)
black clamp (neg)
---
+
Good
Battery

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