Baqarah_83-91_Lesson14_Presentation

Report
Ayahs 83 – 91
RECAP AND OUTLINE
• Last 2 weeks, we finished half of Juz 1
Alhamdulillah
• Now, many commands for the Bani Israel and
for us
• Ayahs 83-88
• Roots, Translation, Tafseer
• Reflections
AYAH 83
And [recall] when We took the covenant from the
Children of Israel, [enjoining upon them], "Do
not worship except Allah ; and to parents do
good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy.
And speak to people good [words] and establish
prayer and give zakah." Then you turned away,
except a few of you, and you were refusing.
Rights of people
Rights of Allah
and to parents
do good
and to
relatives
and the
orphans
and the
needy
Do not worship except Allah
We took the
covenant
and establish
prayer
and give zakah
And speak to
people good
and you were refusing
Then you turned away, except a few of you
Meethaaq
• This is a covenant that lays responsibility;
you’re binded
• This particular covenant joined the Bani Israel
with 8 clauses
• A lot of similarities between these commands
and with the ones we, as Muslims are given
Definition of
Ibadah
Aain Baa Daal
Humility
Servitude
Roots
• Waaw Laam Daal – to give birth; to beget;
over here, it refers to mother and father
• Haa Seen Noon – to beautify something/your
actions; its not Adl, which is simply justice.
Doing something good in return, when
someone else does something bad to you
IHSAN
Doing Good
Generally
More than
Other
Deserves
Good in
return of
Evil
Tone
Through
Speech
Words
Express
Help
Ways to do Ihsan
Through
Actions
Time
Du’a
Through
Wealth
Needs
Gifts
and say, "My Lord, have mercy
upon them as they brought me up
[when I was] small."
[Bani Israel: 23-24]
Opposite of Ihsaan
• Being rude, disrespectful to your parents
• Person neither does ihsaan nor treats them
harshly
• Being indifferent, not talking at all
• THIS IS ALSO NOT ALLOWED
Relatives
Qaaf Raaw Baa
By Blood
By
Marriage
By
Nursing
Those who are closest have the most right
Close Relatives
• Principle: the one who is the closest, has the
most right
• Sharing knowledge with your relatives
• Visiting relatives; keeping in touch through
social media
• Through wealth; giving gifts “just because”
not just for special occasions
Orphan
Yaa Taa Meem
Not Reached
Age of
Puberty
Father
Passed Away
Taking Care of Orphans
• Responsibility of the Muslim community to
give love to the orphans
• Dealing with them gently (they might be from
war torn countries)
• Not oppressing the orphan
• Protecting and taking care of the orphan’s
wealth
MASAKEEN
Needy
Can’t Fulfill
their needs
Can’t Support
themselves
Beautiful
Speech
Style
Content
Rights of Allah and People
• Establish salaah
• Give zakaah
• Reaction of the people: the majority of the
people broke this promise and turned away
• Aain Raaw Daawd: moving aside; turning
away; you don’t feel any regret when turning
around and leaving
If we analyze ourselves in
light of this ayah:
How many of us take care of
all these commands?
LESSONS
• We know our parents have done huge favors
for us, but we can never return the favors so
just do extra good
• Parents do everything for their children out of
happiness
• How about parents who were or are abusive?
 Exceptional cases; seek help but again can’t
be abusive back to parents
AYAH 84
And [recall] when We took your covenant,
[saying], "Do not shed each other's blood or
evict one another from your homes." Then
you acknowledged [this] while you were
witnessing.
Ayah 85
• Seen Faa Kaaf – they were forbidden to kill
each other (it says “your” blood, because the
blood of any other Muslim is like your own
blood)
• Khaaw Raaw Jeem – to expel; deport; you’re
not kicking yourself out of your home, but
again, deporting another Muslim is like doing
the same thing to yourself
Covenant
Acknowledgement
Testimony
AYAH 85
Then, you are those [same ones who are] killing one
another and evicting a party of your people from their
homes, cooperating against them in sin and aggression.
And if they come to you as captives, you ransom them,
although their eviction was forbidden to you. So do you
believe in part of the Scripture and disbelieve in part? Then
what is the recompense for those who do that among you
except disgrace in worldly life; and on the Day of
Resurrection they will be sent back to the severest of
punishment. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.
Roots
• Dhaaw Haa Raaw – to back up one another;
you’re cooperating with the disbelievers to kill
the believers
• Hamza Thaa Meem – the state of not being
interested in doing good  disobeying Allah
SWT
• Aain Daal Waaw – enmity and oppression
against the people and disobedience to Allah
SWT
Context
• The defeated army used to be taken as
prisoners, slaves or would be killed
• When they fought their own people (which
they weren’t supposed to be in the first place
because the Ummah is one) and then they
took prisoners (not supposed to do that
either) and then ransomed them
• Followed 1/3 of the commands  selective
interpretation
ONE
TWO
THREE
FOUR
• Do not shed each other’s blood
• Do not evict each other from your homes
• Do not cooperate in sin & transgression
• Give Ransom & Free the Captives
Consequences
• Jeem Zaai Hamza – recompense; what should
be the result for this crime except for
Humiliation
• Humiliation in which a person’s faults are
exposed
• Qaaf Waaw Meem – 1. the entire humanity
will stand that day; 2. witnesses will stand; 3.
justice will stand that day
• Also a severe punishment on the Day of
Standing (Hell-fire)
Do I only implement those
commands that are a means of some
personal benefit?
OR Do I obey all of Allah’s
commands?
Does my heart accept the commands
of Allah?
Shedding blood is a great crime near
Allah.
To expel someone from their home is
also forbidden
To oppress, to exult above another is
also disliked.
To free the captives is a virtuous
deed
Denying one part of Deen = Denying
Entire Deen; the entire Book must be
followed: Being a slave to your
desires not Allah
All Our Deeds are Watched &
Monitored all the Time
AYAH 86
Those are the ones who have bought the
life of this world [in exchange] for the
Hereafter, so the punishment will not be
lightened for them, nor will they be
aided.
Ayah 86
• Ishtarawu – preferring one over the other;
when you buy a purse or hijaab, you are
preferring that thing over your money
• Buying the life of this world, and paying the
Hereafter for it
• Khaaw Faa Faa – to lighten the burden;
tangible and intangible. The punishment will
not be reduced in its intensity or harm
Ayah 86
• Noon Saawd Raaw – no one will be able to
help on that Day
• People in the Hell fire will tell the Angels, tell
your Lord to terminate us; the angel will say:
“You will remain”
• This punishment isn’t for the disbelievers; its
for those who follow some commands and
leave some commands
Don’t exchange Akhira for the glory,
fame and praise
Love of this world doesn’t let us
submit to all the commands
Disobeying Allah doesn’t get you
what you want
AYAH 87
And We did certainly give Moses the Torah and
followed up after him with messengers. And We gave
Jesus, the son of Mary, clear proofs and supported
him with the Pure Spirit. But is it [not] that every time
a messenger came to you, [O Children of Israel], with
what your souls did not desire, you were arrogant?
And a party [of messengers] you denied and another
party you killed.
Ayah 87
• Qaaf Faa Waw – spine; to go behind
someone; to follow someone; coming in
succession with no gaps in the middle
• Sometimes more than one messenger at a
time, so the Bani Israel were not just left with
a book
• Isa A.S. – messenger and miracle in one; he
was born without a father and last messenger
sent to the Bani Israel
Ayah 87- Roots
• Baa Yaa Noon – clear speech; that which is
clear in itself; something that is presented by
its evidence
– 1. Given the Injeel
– 2. Given miracles
– 3. Strengthened with the help of Jibreel A.S. (Ruh)
Ruh
• Raaw Waw Haa
• 1. Ruh of Isa A.S., which was pure; inclined to
do good only
• 2. Injeel – the scripture is called Ruh of the
deen
• 3. Angel Jibreel – (strongest opinion) was
appointed to help Isa A.S. (Surah Nahr: 182)
• Jibreel A.S. went everywhere with Isa A.S. because he was
facing a lot of opposition; helped him with arguments;
lifted him to the heavens
Life in
Sculpted
Birds
Inform
What
You
Stored
Cure
Blind
Inform
What
You Ate
Cure
Leper
Life to
Dead
Soul
of
Essa
Jibrael
Injeel
Hawa
• Haa Waaw Yaa – empty desires; any teaching
or message that you did not like; you became
arrogant; wanted greatness for yourself
• Every time a messenger came to them they
either: 1. called him a liar or 2. killed him
• You think that your personality and interests
are higher than that of the messenger and
what he brings
Do our desires match the desires of
the Prophet SAW and what he
brought from Allah SWT?
AYAH 88
And they said, "Our hearts are wrapped."
But, [in fact], Allah has cursed them for
their disbelief, so little is it that they
believe.
Hearts Wrapped
Gaain Laam Faa
Have Enough
Knowledge
Don’t
Understand
When a person keeps rejecting, he decides that he
doesn’t want to accept the truth, then he goes away
from the Mercy of Allah.
What do we say
when someone tells
us a command of
Allah and we don’t
want to listen to it or
act upon it?
Curse of
Allah
Far from
Mercy of
Allah
Maa
• So little is that which the believe…
• Over here, the “maa” is extra to give the
statement emphasis:
• 1. emphasizing the littleness of their belief
• 2. very few of them believed
• 3. believed in only a small portion of the Torah
(incomplete belief)
• 4. indicates time; believed for a short time
• 5. to imply nothing; they didn’t believe at all
And We gave Jesus, the son
of Mary with clear proofs
and followed up after
him with messengers
and We did certainly
give Moses the Book
But is it [not] that every time a
messenger came to you with what
your souls did not desire
And they said,
"Our hearts are
wrapped."
you were
arrogant
and another
party you killed
And a party
you denied
The scholars of our time are like
the messengers of previous
nations; look at Muslim history and
see how many scholars Muslims
have killed
LESSONS
• Musa and Isa A.S. were messengers
• The angels have been given different roles and
tasks; provide support to the believers
• Some people don’t believe because it doesn’t
suit them; they present invalid excuses
REFLECTIONS 
AYAH 89
And when there came to them a Book from Allah
confirming that which was with them - although
before they used to pray for victory against those
who disbelieved - but [then] when there came to
them that which they recognized, they disbelieved
in it; so the curse of Allah will be upon the
disbelievers.
Faa Taa Haa – victory; judgment/decision; to
open; it opens up the reality
The Bani Israel were in conflict with the Arabs;
they would pray to Allah, that send the
messenger so we can be victorious, so Allah sent
a messenger, but to the Bani Ismael (so he came
from the Arabs)
Aain Raaw Faa – to recognize something; to
know the specifics of something; they recognized
the Qu’ran and Prophet SAW
The reality of Bani Israel is
being opened. They waited for
the Messenger, they made
du’a for his coming - but
when he came, they denied
him
Why?
We make excuses by blaming
circumstances, but when we
get a chance, we still persist in
wrong...
What does it show?
AYAH 90
How wretched is that for which they sold
themselves - that they would disbelieve in what
Allah has revealed through [their] outrage that
Allah would send down His favor upon whom He
wills from among His servants. So they returned
having [earned] wrath upon wrath. And for the
disbelievers is a humiliating punishment.
Ayah 90 Roots
• Bi’sama:
• 1. how bad; reproach; negative side of
someone is being mentioned
• 2. how evil is it to sell themselves; they sold
their hereafter by disbelieiving
• Baa Ghaain Yaa – wish/desire; the blind
following of a desire, then transgressing
bounds; used for rebellion
Ayah 90 (cont…)
• Faa Daawd Laam – extra favor; over here
refers to prophet hood; Allah SWT chooses
who to give extra fadl to
• Baa Waw Hamza – to draw something over
yourself
• Consequences of not believing: Bani Israel
drew upon them anger upon anger from Allah
– Punishment from Allah and the people; ghadb for
one wrong action, and ghadb for another wrong
action
Ayah 90
• Haa Waaw Noon – light; does not deserve
attention; Muheen – one that brings
humiliation upon the other
• The Bani Israel didn’t believe out of arrogance
and thought that they wouldn’t be special
anymore; therefore, punishment fits the crime
• Humiliating punishment
– 1. Hell-fire
– 2. Returned to the punishment again and again
– 3. They will be rebuked
A persons arrogance hinders a person
from accepting the truth.
Jealousy is also a means of preventing a
person from the truth.
We should see what is being said not who
is saying it.
Qur’an is Fadl of Allah
AYAH 91
And when it is said to them, "Believe in what Allah
has revealed," they say, "We believe [only] in what
was revealed to us." And they disbelieve in what
came after it, while it is the truth confirming that
which is with them. Say, "Then why did you kill
the prophets of Allah before, if you are [indeed]
believers?"
Allah refutes them with proof
The Real Crime is to go against the
truth.
To accept the truth is a great
quality.
REFLECTIONS 
Lesson #15
Ayahs 92 – 101
Ayah 92
And Moses had certainly brought
you clear proofs. Then you took the
calf [in worship] after that, while
you were wrongdoers.
Staff
Talking
to Allah
Clear
Proof
s
Parting
of Sea
Glowing
Hand
And Moses had certainly brought you clear proofs
Then you took the calf [in worship]
while you were wrongdoers
Shirk
Zulm
Worshipping the calf was done out of
injustice, not ignorance
Muslims also have many “cows” or other
things to which they ask for help
Just because you are born a believer,
doesn’t mean you don’t have to follow it
up with actions
Ayah 93
And [recall] when We took your covenant and
raised over you the mount, [saying], "Take what
We have given you with determination and
listen." They said [instead], "We hear and
disobey." And their hearts absorbed [the worship
of] the calf because of their disbelief. Say, "How
wretched is that which your faith enjoins upon
you, if you should be believers."
Ayah 93 Roots
• Seen Meem Aain – 1. Idraak: hear the words
(perception of sound) and 2. Qubul: to accept
and respond
• Aain Saawd Yaa – 1. to leave that which a
person has been commanded and 2. Doing
that which is forbidden
– We have heard your commands with our ears but
we’re going to disobey with our actions
We
Disobeyed
Tongues
Words
Hearts
Actions
Ayah 93 - Roots
• Sheen Raaw Baa – to drink; when you drink
something, it becomes a part of you
• 1. the love of the calf became settled in their
hearts
• 2. indicates the intensity or amount of an
emotion
• 3. they were not going to leave the worship of
the calf
• 4. the love of the calf intoxicated their heart
like alcohol
Might and Power of Allah
The one who sides with a Dhawlim is a
dhawlim himself, even if he does not
commit the wrong.
Listening is the first step towards Amal
Every person has a false god - that
prevents a person from the obedience of
Allah.
What is my “COW”?
Ayah 94
Say, [O Muhammad], "If the home of
the Hereafter with Allah is for you
alone and not the [other] people, then
wish for death, if you should be
truthful.
"We are the children of Allāh and His beloved.“
[Al Maida:18]
"None will enter Paradise except one who is a
Jew or a Christian."
[Al Baqarah:111]
ً
"Never will the Fire touch us, except for a few
days.“
[Al Baqarah:80]
If you are truthful in
your claims, then why
are you afraid of Death?
&
Why don’t you wish to
die?
Ayah 95
But they will never wish for it, ever,
because of what their hands have put
forth. And Allah is Knowing of the
wrongdoers.
They didn’t want to die
because of their wrong actions.
Ingratitude
Disobedience
Zulm
Denial
Shirk
Why do we fear death?
Is it because of our Amal?
If it is, then why don’t we
change our Amal?
Ayah 96
And you will surely find them the most greedy
of people for life - [even] more than those who
associate others with Allah . One of them
wishes that he could be granted life a
thousand years, but it would not remove him
in the least from the [coming] punishment that
he should be granted life. And Allah is Seeing
of what they do.
Ayah 96 Roots
• Noon Shaddah indicates definitely
• Haa Raaw Saawd – strongly desiring
something; its difficult to fulfill it; you have to
put in some effort
• Grammar connection: Afa’ala indicates the
superlative degree: MOST greedy
Ayah 96 Roots
• Sheen Raaw Kaaf – to associate partners with
Allah; giving the share of Allah to others
• Waw Daal Daal – intense love
• Aain Meem Raaw – given the age of 1000
years or given a long life
• Zaa Haa Zaa Haa – to move away;
Why do we want to live
longer?
If we are granted a last
wish before we die, what
will that be?
Even if we get to live a long life, this
can not prevent the punishment
Every Soul will Taste Death
Everyone of us will face Allah on the
Day of Judgement
Use Dunya to Earn Akhira!
YOLO!!! To make the Hereafter
REFLECTIONS 
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Homework:
Review translation of ayahs 89-96
Implement
Reflect
Share
Next week inshAllah: Ayahs 97-103

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