Presentation

Report
SOFTWARE SECURITY TESTING IS
IMPORTANT, DIFFERENT AND DIFFICULT
4/21/2011
Review by Rayna Burgess
Overview
The Paper Selection
Security Testing is Important (Relevant)
Security Testing is Different from Functional Testing
Security Testing is Difficult
Security Engineer’s Tasks
Analyzing Security Risks
Types of Security Testing
Case Study: Java Card
Conclusion
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The Paper: Software Security Testing
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Gary McGraw, PhD, CTO of Cigital, Inc
Series of Articles in IEEE Security & Privacy
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Security Testing is Important
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Security Testing is Different
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Malicious attacker
Intelligent Adversary
Vulnerabilities Exploited
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Aaah! So many vulnerability lists!
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McGraw’s Vulnerability Taxonomy
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Vulnerability Name Dropping
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gets() (Buffer overflow problem, Morris Worm)
Race condition (time of check to time of use)
Insecure failure
Transitive trust
Trampoline
Zero day exploits
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SQL Injection Vulnerability
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Where are we?
The Paper Selection
Security Testing is Important (Relevant)
Security Testing is Different from Functional Testing
Security Testing is Difficult
Security Engineer’s Tasks
Analyzing Security Risks
Types of Security Testing
Case Study: Java Card
Conclusion
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SW Security Engineer’s Tasks
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Analyzing Security Risks
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Think like an attacker
Vulnerability in weakest link can expose the system
Requires expertise
Can practice/learn on
 Webgoat
 DVWA
 Hacme
Bank
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Types of Security Testing
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Functional Security Testing
Risk-Based Security Testing (hostile attacks)
Black Box/White Box
Static/Dynamic
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Static Security Analysis
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Risk Analysis of Design and Architecture
Static Security Analysis Tools
 Source
Code or Byte Code
 Good at finding patterns
 Numerous False Positives
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Penetration Testing
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Performed on a running system
Can be used on COTS software too
Penetration testing tools
 Network
 Nmap,
and OS vulnerability scanners
Nessus, Aircrack
 Automated
Penetration Testing Tools
 Metasploit,
 Other
useful tools
 Fuzzing
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CoreImpact, Canvas
tools, WebScarab,
Quality of pen testing depends on the human!
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Case Study: Java Card
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Operating System for Smart Cards
 GlobalPlatform
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(Java Card, MULTOS)
Used on Bank Cards, (also SIMs, ID Cards, Medical)
Two Types of Testing
 Functional
security design tests
 Risk-based attack tests
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Functional Security Testing
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Tests security functionality
 Crypto
 Commands
 Compliance
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Testing (GALITT 3/2011)
All cards passed!
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Risk-Based Security Testing (Attacks)
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Hostile Attacks, based on risk assessment
All cards failed some part of this testing!
Analysis of Java Card Design
Identify automic transaction processing as area of
interest
Consequence is “printing money” (Very High Risk)
Put on Black Hat, Don’t follow the rules:
 Abort,
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fail to commit, fill buffers, nest transactions
Exposes vulnerabilities before issued to public
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Almost done!
The Paper Selection
Security Testing is Important (Relevant)
Security Testing is Different from Functional Testing
Security Testing is Difficult
Security Engineer’s Tasks
Analyzing Security Risks
Types of Security Testing
Case Study: Java Card
Conclusion
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Conclusion: SW Security Testing is…

Important
More software, more new attacks
 More functionality, more vulnerabilities
 Software is everywhere and connected!
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Different
Presence of a malicious, intelligent attacker
 Software Test Engineers have different skills
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Difficult
Exploits are subtle
 Automated static & dynamic tools insufficient
 Need a human!
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“So now, when we face a choice between
adding features and resolving security issues,
we need to choose security.”
-Bill Gates

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