National Conference on Agriculture for Rabi Campaign

Report
NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR RABI CAMPAIGN
(17-18TH SEPTEMBER, 2014)
Kharif
Review
Rabi
Prospects
Strategies
Dr. J. S. Sandhu
Agriculture Commissioner
Department of Agriculture & Cooperation,
Ministry of Agriculture
CROP PRODUCTION TARGETS:2014-15
(Million Tons/Bales)
Kharif weather:

South West Monsoon highly
erratic,
delayed onset and initially progress was
quite slow and June end with 43%
deficient.

Eleven per cent deficit rains at National
level and 19 % deficit in North West India

Deficient rains in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar
Pradesh, Marathwada(Maharashtra),
Telangana, Coastal Andhra Pradesh , East
MP

Incidence of flash floods in J&K, Assam,
Bihar, Eastern UP and Odisha, Cloud burst
(Uttarakhand & HP);

Contingency plan
implemented
for 565 districts

No serious disease/insect-pests observed
Crop
Kharif
Rabi-S
92.00
14.00
106.00
Wheat
-
94.00
94.00
Barley
Maize
17.00
1.75
6.00
1.75
23.00
Millets
14.25
2.50
16.75
Pulses
7.00
12.50
19.50
Food grains
130.25
130.75
261.00
Oilseeds
22.00
11.00
33.00
-
-
Rice
Sugarcane
Cotton (170 Kg Bales)
Jute & Mesta (180 Kg Bales)
Source: DAC, GOI
Total
345.00
35.00
-
-
11.20
CUMULATIVE RAINFALL(MM): 2002-2014
South-West Monsoon
Season
Actual
Normal
Departure
(%)
1st June -30th Sept-2002
737.3
912.5
-19
1st June -09th Sept-2009
622.5
778.0
-20
1st June -12th Sept-2012
732.1
795.0
-8
1st June – 11th Sept-2013
834.1
788.2
6
1st June – 10th Sept-2014
699.0
781.5
-11
Source: IMD.
 SW Monsoon recorded -11% Less rains .
 Monsoon coverage: Out of 36 sub-divisions, 25 sub-divisions
constituting 72% of the total area have received
excess/normal and 11 sub-divisions constituting 28% of total
area received “Deficient” rains.
 Only one sub-division (South Interior Karnataka) received
excess rainfall
2014
2009
DISTRIBUTION OF RAINFALL
PERCENTAGE) -
AT DISTRICT LEVEL (IN
2009, 2012, 2013, 2014
EXCESS+NORMAL
80
DEFICIENT+SCANITY
70
74
70
60
55
60
50
54
42
58
50
40
40
26
30
30
20
20
10
10
0
0
2009
46
45
2012
2013
2014
2009
2012
2013
2014
Deficient/Scanty rainfall districts – 68 (UP), 22 (MP),21 (Haryana), 18
(Bihar) total 280 out of 641.
Region wise live storage (%) of water in major
reservoirs in 2014 & 2013.
Region
2014 2013
Northern Region
72
95
Eastern Region
Western Region
Central Region
Southern Region
All India
10 Years Average
78
78
90
72
77
78
77
87
82
83
72
 Out of 85 , 72 reservoirs more than
80% of normal storage & 13 reservoir
below 80% of normal storage
( Tripura 39%, AP 50%, UP 51%)
 2014 ( 120BCM), 2013 (129BCM) &
10 year average (111 BCM)
Source: CWC, GOI.
As on 11.09.2014
2014 live Storage
100%
95
90
90%
80%
72
2013 live Storage
78 78
87
78 77
83
82
72
77
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Northern Eastern
Region
Region
Western
Region
Central
Region
Southern All India
Region
AREA COVERAGE OF KHARIF CROPS (LAKH HA)
-----------------Lakh ( ha.)---------------
2009
1050
850
2012
2013
2014
1033.63
999.18
983.68
902.53
650
450
250
50
------------- Progress of Sowing ---------------
Area in Million ha
Kharif- 2014
Kharif-2013
50
Rice
36.66
36.78
-0.12
40
Maize
7.77
8.19
-0.42
30
9.82
11.30
-1.48
54.25
56.27
- 2.02
9.82
10
8.19
7.77
Millets
Total
Cereals
20
11.3
2013 change
36.78
2014
36.66
Crop
54.25
60
56.27
Area coverage of Kharif Cereal -2014 & -2013
0
Normal Area 54.92
Source: SDA
-0.67
*As on 12.09.2014
Rice
Maize
Millets
Total
Cereals
Area coverage of kharif Pulses-2014 & 2013
Area in Million ha
2014 2013 change
Kharif-2013
9.92
10.62
Crop
Kharif-2014
3.83
-0.32
10
Black gram
2.45
2.37
0.08
8
6
Moong
2.04
2.39
-0.35
Total pulses 9.92
10.62
-0.70
4
2.04
2.39
3.51
2.45
2.37
Arhar
3.51
3.83
12
Black
gram
Moong
2
0
Normal Area
Source: SDAs
10.3
-0.38
*As on 12 09.2014
Arhar
Total
Kharif
pulses
Area coverage of Kharif Oilseeds 2014 & 2013
Kharif-2014
Kharif-2013
11.01
12.22
15
10
-1.21
5
Total
Kharif
Oilseeds
Normal
Area
12.22
-0.61
20
11.01
4.25
Groundnut 3.64
Soybean
2013 Change
4.25
2014
3.64
Crop
17.52
25
19.16
Area in Million ha
0
17.52
17.53
Source: SDAs
19.16
-1.63
.
-0.01
*As on 12.09.2014
Groundnut
Soybean
Total Kharif
Oilseeds
AREA COVERAGE OF KHARIF CASH CROPS 2014 & 2013
14
Normal 2014 2013 change 12
Kharif-2013
11.35
Crop
Kharif-2014
12.52
Unit: Area in Million ha
10
8
6
0.85
0.81
0.83
-0.02
2
0.83
4
0.81
Jute &
Mesta
5.03
11.03 12.52 11.35 +1.17
4.87
Cotton
0
Sugarcane
Source: SDA
4.83
4.87
5.03
*As on 12.09.2014
-0.15
Cotton
Jute &
Mesta
Sugarcane
Strategies for Rabi : 2014-15

Region specific Crop planning -Focus on the districts having
higher area concentration of a crop;

Pre-positioning Inputs: Seeds, bio-agents/ Agro- chemicals,
Soil amendments- Lime , Gypsum, Fertilizers, Micro-nutrients

Moisture Conservation & Timely sowing :Laser Land
Leveller, Zero till Seed drill , Rotavator, Happy Seeder,

Focus on Fallow Area: specifically fallow kharif (3.37 Million
Ha) areas left unsown due to delayed monsoon

Optimum & efficient use of conserved water: Microirrigation

Promotion of Relay cropping / Intercropping: To enhance
the production and profitability.
REQUIREMENT & AVAILABILITY OF SEEDS
FOR RABI: 2014-15
Crop
Wheat
REQUIREMENT AVAILABILITY
(Lakh quintal) (Lakh quintal)
DEFICIT/
SURPLUS
SRR
(2013-14)
112.53
116.85
(+) 4.32
34.2
1.06
1.13
(+) 0.07
25.7
Bengal
gram
Urd &
Moong
16.11
15.72
(-) 0.39
22.8
1.35
1.62
(+) 0.27
44.8
Lentil
1.78
1.38
(-) 0.40
27.0
Rape seed
& Mustard
2.64
2.70
(+) 0.06
64.1
Rabi Jowar
Source: Seed Division, DAC, GOI.
REQUIREMENT & AVAILABILITY OF FERTILIZERS
FOR RABI: 2013-14 & RABI: 2014-15
Rabi: 2014-15
Rabi: 2013-14
Assessed
requirement
(Lakh tons)
Total sales
(Lakh Tons)
Assessed
requirement
(Lakh Tons)
Urea
171.96
153.55
164.08
DAP
45.26
36.73
47.87
MOP
14.87
10.93
15.41
NPK
52.53
42.55
50.21
SSP
42.85
20.95
35.08
Use of Bio-fertilizersMT (2013-14)
40324 MT (2011-12) Increases (62%) to 65528
Fertilizers
• Azosprillium, Azotobacter, Rhizobium , Phosphate Solubilizing bacteria, Potash
mobilizing bacteria reduce dose of N,P,K, fertilizer by 25%.
•Use of micronutrients
•Deficiency- Sulphur 46%, Zinc 49% Boron 33%; Molybdenum 13%; magnesium
5% Copper 3 %.
Source: INM & FMS, DAC, GOI
NEW INITIATIVES FOR RABI: 2014-15

To enhance pulses production North
Eastern states & Hilly States included
under NFSM- Pulses

Additional Allocation of Rs 300 crores

Promotion of Coarse grain cereals, all
states included under NFSM – Coarse grain
cereals

Higher level seed subsidy for replanting
where crops damaged during kharif
season
SPECIFIC ISSUES

Yellow Rust & Karnal Bunt: strategy to
management of these diseases

Enforcement of Seed Certification Standards:
wheat karnal bunt

Area specific application of Micronutrients –
sulphur , Molybdenum , Zinc , Boron , etc

Promotion seed production during off
season to make up the deficiency

Advance planning for Summer pulses.
WAY FORWARD

Linkages & Coordination: SAU/ICAR
Institutes/KVKs for technical backstopping &
Other central ministries;

Timely crop tracking & close monitoring of
weather situation; and

Timely implementation & monitoring of crop
development programs.
Thanks
THANK YOU

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